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Initial symptoms of nicotine dependence in adolescents
OBJECTIVES It has been assumed that nicotine dependence has a slow onset and occurs only after prolonged daily use of tobacco. A cohort of young adolescents was followed to determine when the firstExpand
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Measuring the loss of autonomy over nicotine use in adolescents: the DANDY (Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youths) study.
CONTEXT There is no validated, theory-based tool for assessing the onset of nicotine dependence. However, the use of all addictive substances can result in a loss of autonomy. We propose thatExpand
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Development of symptoms of tobacco dependence in youths: 30 month follow up data from the DANDY study
Objective: To determine if there is a minimum duration, frequency or quantity of tobacco use required to develop symptoms of dependence. Design and setting: A retrospective/prospective longitudinalExpand
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Symptoms of tobacco dependence after brief intermittent use: the Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth-2 study.
OBJECTIVE To extend the findings of the first Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youth study by using diagnostic criteria for tobacco dependence and a biochemical measure ofExpand
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Sex differences in symptom presentation associated with acute myocardial infarction: a population-based perspective.
OBJECTIVES To describe sex differences in symptom presentation after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) while controlling for differences in age and other potentially confounding factors. BACKGROUNDExpand
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Recollections and repercussions of the first inhaled cigarette.
CONTEXT It has not been determined if a youth's reaction to the first smoking experience is predictive of future nicotine dependence, or whether the impact of the first cigarette can be altered byExpand
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Outcomes in work-related injuries: a comparison of older and younger workers.
BACKGROUND The "graying of the workforce" has generated concerns about the physical capacity of older workers to maintain their health and productivity on the job, especially after an injury occurs.Expand
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Primary care provider concerns about management of chronic pain in community clinic populations
AbstractBACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a common patient complaint in primary care, yet providers and patients are often dissatisfied with treatment processes and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess providerExpand
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The effect of a global multiculturalism track on cultural competence of preclinical medical students.
BACKGROUND We evaluated the effect of an elective (the Global Multiculturalism Track), including international and domestic immersion experiences, on the cultural competence of preclinical medicalExpand
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Measuring adults' loss of autonomy over nicotine use: the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist.
The Hooked on Nicotine Checklist (HONC) is a 10-item screening tool originally developed to assess loss of autonomy over tobacco in adolescent smokers. A smoker's endorsement of any item indicatesExpand
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