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Avifaunal Extinctions, Vegetation Change, and Polynesian Impacts in Prehistoric Hawai`i
Data indicate that avian extinctions and extirpations were the result of habitat destruction in the form of lowland forest decline, with strong evidence that forest decline followed Polynesian colonization of Hawai`i but preceded dispersal, suggesting that direct human activity such as burning or gardening had nothing to do with the general decline.
Radiocarbon and DNA evidence for a pre-Columbian introduction of Polynesian chickens to Chile
- A. Storey, José-Miguel Ramírez, E. Matisoo-Smith
- GeographyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 19 June 2007
A radiocarbon date and an ancient DNA sequence from a single chicken bone recovered from the archaeological site of El Arenal-1, on the Arauco Peninsula, Chile, provide firm evidence for the pre-Columbian introduction of chickens to the Americas, and strongly suggest that it was a Polynesian introduction.
Investigating the Global Dispersal of Chickens in Prehistory Using Ancient Mitochondrial DNA Signatures
The results from the ancient DNA analyses of forty-eight archaeologically derived chicken bones provide support for archaeological hypotheses about the prehistoric human transport of chickens and lead to the proposal of four hypotheses which will require further scrutiny and rigorous future testing.
Development of an agroforest on a Micronesian high island: prehistoric Kosraean agriculture
The impact of the human presence on the fauna of a Pacific island is often immediately archaeologically visible in the slaughter of its land birds seen in the bones. The impact on vegetation is less…
Tiempon I Manmofo'na: Ancient Chamorro Culture and History of the Northern Mariana Islands (review)
- J. S. Athens
- 1 November 2001
South Asia. The heterogeneous Harappans are presented in Chapters 14–15. Skeletal and dental analyses confirm their biological origins in the earlier populations of the northwestern portion of the…
Prehistoric bird hunters: high altitude resource exploitation on Hawai`i Island
Rattus exulans and the catastrophic disappearance of Hawai’i’s native lowland forest
- J. S. Athens
- Environmental Science, GeographyBiological Invasions
- 1 August 2009
It is hypothesized that rats, introduced by Polynesian colonizers, increased exponentially in the absence of significant predators or competitors, feeding on a largely endemic vegetation that had evolved in the presence of mammalian predators.
Pre-Columbian chickens, dates, isotopes, and mtDNA
- A. Storey, D. Quiroz, E. Matisoo-Smith
- GeologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2 December 2008
Additional data is presented supporting the interpretation of Storey et al. (2) showing that evidence for pre-Columbian chickens at the site of El Arenal, Chile, is secure.
Holocene Vegetation, Savanna Origins and Human Settlement of Guam
Palaeoenvironmental investigations not only provide information about past climate, geomorphological changes, and vegetation, but also can give a unique and complementary perspective to…
Holocene Paleoshoreline and Paleoenvironmental History of Palau: Implications for Human Settlement
ABSTRACT Information from cores into the offshore reefs of Komebail Lagoon and into the coastal fringes of Babeldaob and neighboring islets allows the first well-constrained appraisal of the Holocene…