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An approach to environmental psychology
Environmental psychology, though a fast-growing field, is one of the most difficult to fit into the confines of scientific inquiry. Measuring such subjective data as reactions to color, heat, light,…
Core affect and the psychological construction of emotion.
- J. Russell
- PsychologyPsychological review
At the heart of emotion, mood, and any other emotionally charged event are states experienced as simply feeling good or bad, energized or enervated, which influence reflexes, perception, cognition, and behavior.
Affect grid : A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal
This article introduces a single-item scale, the Affect Grid, designed as a quick means of assessing affect along the dimensions of pleasure-displeasure and arousal-sleepiness. The Affect Grid is…
Evidence for a three-factor theory of emotions
Is there universal recognition of emotion from facial expression? A review of the cross-cultural studies.
- J. Russell
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
Facial expressions and emotion labels are probably associated, but the association may vary with culture and is loose enough to be consistent with various alternative accounts, 8 of which are discussed.
Core affect, prototypical emotional episodes, and other things called emotion: dissecting the elephant.
What is the structure of emotion? Emotion is too broad a class of events to be a single scientific category, and no one structure suffices. As an illustration, core affect is distinguished from…
Independence and bipolarity in the structure of current affect.
The independence of positive and negative affect has been heralded as a major and counterintuitive finding in the psychology of mood and emotion. Still, other findings support the older view that…
On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect.
When the actual predictions of a bipolar model are considered and error is taken into account, there is little evidence for independence of what were traditionally thought opposites.
The circumplex model of affect: An integrative approach to affective neuroscience, cognitive development, and psychopathology
It is proposed that basic emotion theories no longer explain adequately the vast number of empirical observations from studies in affective neuroscience, and it is suggested that a conceptual shift is needed in the empirical approaches taken to the study of emotion and affective psychopathologies.