Theta Burst Stimulation of the Human Motor Cortex
Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord, roots and peripheral nerves: Basic principles and procedures for routine clinical and research application. An updated…
Short latency inhibition of human hand motor cortex by somatosensory input from the hand
It is concluded that mixed or cutaneous input from the hand can suppress the excitability of the motor cortex at short latency, which may contribute to the initial inhibition of the cutaneomuscular reflex.
The role of interneuron networks in driving human motor cortical plasticity.
- M. Hamada, N. Murase, A. Hasan, M. Balaratnam, J. Rothwell
- Biology, PsychologyCerebral Cortex
- 1 July 2013
The results are consistent with the idea that variation in response to rTMS plasticity probing protocols is strongly influenced by which interneuron networks are recruited by the TMS pulse.
Two phases of intracortical inhibition revealed by transcranial magnetic threshold tracking
- R. Fisher, Y. Nakamura, S. Bestmann, J. Rothwell, H. Bostock
- Biology, PsychologyExperimental Brain Research
- 25 January 2002
There are two distinct phases of inhibition, occurring at ISI=1 ms and ISI= 2.5 ms, differing both in thresholds and susceptibility to voluntary activity.
Patterned ballistic movements triggered by a startle in healthy humans
- J. Valls-Solé, J. Rothwell, F. Goulart, Giovanni Cossu, Esteban Muñoz
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of Physiology
- 1 May 1999
The physiological mechanisms underlying the very short reaction times were suggested to be triggered entirely by activity at subcortical levels, probably involving the startle circuit, and the implication is that instructions for voluntary movement can in some circumstances be stored and released from subcortex structures.
Evidence-based guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
Postural electromyographic responses in the arm and leg following galvanic vestibular stimulation in man
- T. Britton, B. Day, P. Brown, J. Rothwell, P. Thompson, C. Marsden
- BiologyExperimental Brain Research
The difference in latency between the onset of the early component of the response in arm and leg muscles suggests that this part of the responded uses a descending pathway which conducts impulses down the spinal cord with a velocity comparable with that of the fast conducting component ofThe corticospinal tract.
Intracortical inhibition and facilitation in different representations of the human motor cortex.
The findings suggest that the intracortical mechanisms for inhibition and facilitation in different motor representations are not related to the strength of corticospinal projections.
A common polymorphism in the brain‐derived neurotrophic factor gene (BDNF) modulates human cortical plasticity and the response to rTMS
New non‐invasive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranials direct current stimulation (TDCS) techniques that directly test the excitability and plasticity of neuronal circuits in human motor cortex in subjects at rest are used.