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Neural substrates of smoking cue reactivity: A meta-analysis of fMRI studies
Reactivity to smoking-related cues may be an important factor that precipitates relapse in smokers who are trying to quit. The neurobiology of smoking cue reactivity has been investigated in severalExpand
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Randomized Trial of Reduced-Nicotine Standards for Cigarettes.
BACKGROUND The Food and Drug Administration can set standards that reduce the nicotine content of cigarettes. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, parallel, randomized clinical trial between JuneExpand
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Effects of an intensive depression-focused intervention for smoking cessation in pregnancy.
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate a depression-focused treatment for smoking cessation in pregnant women versus a time and contact health education control. We hypothesized thatExpand
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Effects of varenicline and bupropion sustained-release use plus intensive smoking cessation counseling on prolonged abstinence from smoking and on depression, negative affect, and other symptoms of
IMPORTANCE Given the actions of varenicline tartrate and bupropion hydrochloride sustained-release (SR) on neurobiological targets related to affect and reward, it is thought that the modulation ofExpand
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Implicit attitudes to smoking are associated with craving and dependence.
The Implicit Association Test (IAT) has been used to assess automatic affective responses to drug cues. Smokers (n=57) completed the IAT at four experimental sessions. They abstained from smokingExpand
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The effects of smoking deprivation and nicotine administration on emotional reactivity.
Although converging lines of evidence suggest that nicotine and mood are related at a fundamental biological level, this link has not been reliably demonstrated in laboratory studies. In this study,Expand
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Beyond cue reactivity: blunted brain responses to pleasant stimuli predict long‐term smoking abstinence
Identifying addicts with higher risk of relapse would provide the opportunity to implement individualized interventions and increase cessation success rates. Unfortunately, the ability to predict theExpand
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A psychometric evaluation of cigarette stimuli used in a cue reactivity study.
Laboratory studies have demonstrated that cigarette smokers react with significant subjective and autonomic responses (e.g., increased craving and increased heart rate) in the presence of stimuliExpand
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Brain reactivity to emotional, neutral and cigarette‐related stimuli in smokers
Addiction has been described as the pathological usurpation of the neural mechanisms normally involved in emotional processing. Event‐related potentials (ERPs) can provide a non‐invasive index ofExpand
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Prequit fMRI responses to pleasant cues and cigarette-related cues predict smoking cessation outcome.
INTRODUCTION The reasons that some smokers find it harder to quit than others are unclear. Understanding how individual differences predict smoking cessation outcomes may allow the development ofExpand
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