• Publications
  • Influence
The idea that democratic states have not fought and are not likely to fight interstate wars against each other runs counter to the realist and neorealist theoretical traditions that have dominatedExpand
New Tests of the Democratic Peace: Controlling for Economic Interdependence, 1950-85
Maoz and Russett (1993) reported that democratic states after World War II were unlikely to engage in militarized disputes with one another, but their continuous measure of joint democracy isExpand
Explaining Interstate Conflict and War: What Should Be Controlled for?
  • J. Ray
  • Psychology
  • 1 September 2003
Most multivariate models designed by analysts of intemational conflict focus on one key explanatory factor and include several control variables. There are prominent norms or customs in the subfieldExpand
Democracy and International Conflict: An Evaluation of the Democratic Peace Proposition
  • J. Ray
  • Political Science
  • 1 March 1998
In Democracy and International Conflict James Lee Ray defends the idea, so optimistically advanced by diplomats in the wake of the Soviet Union's demise and so hotly debated by internationalExpand
Measuring the Concentration of Power in the International System
The purpose of this paper is to examine some earlier efforts to measure the inequality of distribution within several different substantive contexts and to see how appropriate these differentExpand
Democracy and International Conflict
The Future as Arbiter of Theoretical Controversies: Predictions, Explanations and the End of the Cold War
Some analysts assert that a failure by the discipline of international relations to predict the end of the Cold War reinforces their conviction that predominant theories as well as systematicExpand
The Democratic Path to Peace
The abolition of slavery and the end of international war
Slavery and war have both historically been considered inevitable consequences of human nature. Yet slavery has been abolished, and moral progress may have contributed to slavery's disappearance.Expand
Constructing Multivariate Analyses (of Dangerous Dyads)
  • J. Ray
  • Psychology
  • 1 September 2005
Most multivariate models aimed at evaluating the impact of democracy on interstate conflict contain a set of control variables sufficiently large to have a confusing impact. Partly for that reason,Expand