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Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Northwest African populations reveals genetic exchanges with European, Near‐Eastern, and sub‐Saharan populations
A certain mtDNA motif (16172C, 16219G), previously found in Algerian Berbers at high frequency, is apparently omnipresent in Northwest Africa and may reflect regional continuity of more than 20000 years. Expand
Phylogeographic patterns of mtDNA reflecting the colonization of the Canary Islands
mtDNA variation in 300 individuals from the seven Canary Islands indicates that a certain genetic affinity of present‐day Canary Islanders to Northwest African Berbers mainly stems from the autochthonous population rather than slaves captured on the neighbouring African coast. Expand
Ancient mtDNA analysis and the origin of the Guanches
The prehistoric colonisation of the Canary Islands by the Guanches (native Canarians) woke up great expectation about their origin, since the Europeans conquest of the Archipelago. Here, we reportExpand
Status and relationships of the extinct giant Canary Island lizard Gallotia goliath (Reptilia: Lacertidae), assessed using ancient mtDNA from its mummified remains
Ancient mitochondrial DNA sequences extracted from a mummified extinct giant lizard, Gallotia goliath, from eastern Tenerife, Canary Islands, were used to assess the species status and relationship of this form within the genus. Expand
Age, origins and extinctions of the avifauna of Macaronesia
It is shown that most extant birds appear to have colonized macaronesian archipelagos relatively recently, within the last four million years, despite some islands being approximately 30 million years old. Expand
Island extinctions: processes, patterns, and potential for ecosystem restoration
The main historic drivers of extinctions on islands, patterns in extinction chronologies between islands, and the potential for restoring ecosystems through reintroducing extirpated species are reviewed. Expand
What are We Learning about Speciation and Extinction from the Canary Islands?
The contribution of the study of Canarian birds to the understanding of how and why species occur and change over time is evaluated and the necessity of revising the current taxonomy in the Canarian avian taxa is discussed, especially the status of the endemic subspecies. Expand
On the extinction of the Dune Shearwater (Puffinus holeae) from the Canary Islands
Insular ecosystems have been subjected to severe hardship during the last millennia. Large numbers of insular bird species have undergone local disappearances and full extinctions, and a high numberExpand
Discovery of a living giant lizard, genus Gallotia (Reptilia: lacertidae), from La Gomera, Canary Islands
The Unidad de Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias and Ministerio of MedioAmbiente financed the project, which aims to improve the quality of the environment in the Canary Islands. Expand
Five new extinct species of rails (Aves: Gruiformes: Rallidae) from the Macaronesian Islands (North Atlantic Ocean).
Five new species of recently extinct rails from two Macaronesian archipelagoes (Madeira and Azores) are described. All the species are smaller in size than their presumed ancestor, the European railExpand