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Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection: Report of 93 autopsied cases with emphasis on diagnostic and surgical considerations.
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is failure of development of the common pulmonary vein, with consequent ersistence and enlargement of embryonic collaterals between the lungs andExpand
Down syndrome with congenital heart malformation.
In 32% of nonsurgically treated patients with large left-to-right shunts, irreversible pulmonary vascular disease developed, and improved medical and surgical care have decreased morbidity and mortality in these patients in recent years. Expand
Morphological considerations pertaining to recognition of atrial isomerism. Consequences for sequential chamber localisation.
The atrial morphology and venous connections were assessed "blind" in necropsy specimens from patients with visceral heterotaxy and suggest that atrial situs can be defined as solitus inversus, right isomersism, and left isomerism. Expand
Further observations on the morphology of atrioventricular septal defects.
The measurements showed conclusively that the atrioventricular septal defects were all directly comparable irrespective of the detailed morphology of the at RIOVentricular valve or valves. Expand
Morphologic spectrum of Ebstein's anomaly of the heart: a review.
It is now clear that although all hearts with Ebstein's anomaly have in common displaced basal insertions of the septal and posterior leaflets of the tricuspid valve, each case may be pathologically and hemodynamically unique. Expand
The morphology of the normal aortic valve as compared with the aortic valve having two leaflets.
Previous criteria used in the definition of valves with two leaflets are inadequate when the whole valvular complex is considered and the evidence points to the other valves having started with three leaflets but becoming bicuspid during either intrauterine or postnatal life. Expand
Mechanisms of closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect.
The present study shows that although anatomic evidence of partial closure was present in two fifths of the hearts studied, only rarely was it due to so-called aneurysm of the membranous septum. Expand
Prevalence of congenital cardiac anomalies at high altitude.
The effect of high altitude on the prevalence of congenital heart disease was tested by examining school children at four study sites in the People's Republic of China and a high prevalence of patent ductus arteriosus and atrial septal defect was found and the effect of altitude was progressive. Expand
Anomalies of the left atrioventricular valve and related ventricular septal morphology in atrioventricular septal defects.
A characteristic feature of atrioventricular septal defects is a deficiency of the inlet part of the ventricular septum that results in a "scooped out" appearance, and anatomic features in 151 hearts at autopsy were quantified to determine whether those features identified particular groups within the overall lesion. Expand
Coarctation of the aorta in infants and children: 25 years of experience.
Elective repair of coarctation of the aorta is recommended when the patient is about 6 years of age, based on minimizing the risk of restenosis and residual hypertension. Expand