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Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog
TLDR
A high-quality draft genome sequence of the domestic dog is reported, together with a dense map of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across breeds, to shed light on the structure and evolution of genomes and genes.
Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domestication
TLDR
It is shown that dog breeds share a higher proportion of multi-locus haplotypes unique to grey wolves from the Middle East, indicating that they are a dominant source of genetic diversity for dogs rather than wolves from east Asia, as suggested by mitochondrial DNA sequence data.
FAST‐TRACK: A southern California freeway is a physical and social barrier to gene flow in carnivores
TLDR
The results demonstrate that freeways can restrict gene flow even in wide‐ranging species and suggest that for territorial animals, migration levels across anthropogenic barriers need to be an order of magnitude larger than commonly assumed to counteract genetic differentiation.
The genealogy and genetic viability of reintroduced Yellowstone grey wolves
TLDR
Simulations showed that the Yellowstone population has levels of genetic variation similar to that of a population managed for high variation and low inbreeding, and greater than that expected for random breeding within packs or across the entire breeding pool.
A genome-wide perspective on the evolutionary history of enigmatic wolf-like canids.
TLDR
It is found that these enigmatic canids are highly admixed varieties derived from gray wolves and coyotes, respectively, and divergent genomic history suggests that they do not have a shared recent ancestry as proposed by previous researchers.
Extensive population genetic structure in the giraffe
TLDR
There are at least six genealogically distinct lineages of giraffe in Africa, with little evidence of interbreeding between them, and such extreme genetic subdivision within a large vertebrate with high dispersal capabilities is unprecedented and exceeds that of any other large African mammal.
Landscape genetics of California mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus): the roles of ecological and historical factors in generating differentiation
TLDR
A coalescence‐based analysis of mtDNA data shows that the genetic divergence of the mule deer genetic clusters in California is recent and appears to be mediated by ecological factors.
Hypoxia Adaptations in the Grey Wolf (Canis lupus chanco) from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
TLDR
It is found that, beginning about 55,000 years ago, the highland Tibetan grey wolf suffered a more substantial population decline than lowland wolves, which suggests similar evolutionary constraints on natural selection in wolves and humans of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Low-coverage vaccination strategies for the conservation of endangered species
TLDR
This study shows that vaccination used to enhance metapopulation persistence through elimination of the largest outbreaks of disease requires lower coverage than the conventional objective of reducing the reproduction number of an infectious agent to less than one.
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