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Intertumoral Heterogeneity within Medulloblastoma Subgroups.
While molecular subgrouping has revolutionized medulloblastoma classification, the extent of heterogeneity within subgroups is unknown. Similarity network fusion (SNF) applied to genome-wide DNA… Expand
Multiple recurrent genetic events converge on control of histone lysine methylation in medulloblastoma
We used high-resolution SNP genotyping to identify regions of genomic gain and loss in the genomes of 212 medulloblastomas, malignant pediatric brain tumors. We found focal amplifications of 15 known… Expand
Subgroup-specific structural variation across 1,000 medulloblastoma genomes
Medulloblastoma, the most common malignant paediatric brain tumour, is currently treated with nonspecific cytotoxic therapies including surgery, whole-brain radiation, and aggressive chemotherapy. As… Expand
Epigenomic alterations define lethal CIMP-positive ependymomas of infancy
Ependymomas are common childhood brain tumours that occur throughout the nervous system, but are most common in the paediatric hindbrain. Current standard therapy comprises surgery and radiation, but… Expand
Absence of Brca2 causes genome instability by chromosome breakage and loss associated with centrosome amplification
Women heterozygous for mutations in the breast-cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 have a highly elevated risk of developing breast cancer . BRCA1 and BRCA2 encode large proteins with no… Expand
Cytogenetic prognostication within medulloblastoma subgroups.
- D. Shih, P. Northcott, +90 authors M. Taylor
- Journal of clinical oncology : official journal…
- 20 March 2014
PURPOSE Medulloblastoma comprises four distinct molecular subgroups: WNT, SHH, Group 3, and Group 4. Current medulloblastoma protocols stratify patients based on clinical features: patient age,… Expand
Divergent clonal selection dominates medulloblastoma at recurrence
The development of targeted anti-cancer therapies through the study of cancer genomes is intended to increase survival rates and decrease treatment-related toxicity. We treated a transposon–driven,… Expand
Aberrant patterns of H3K4 and H3K27 histone lysine methylation occur across subgroups in medulloblastoma
Recent sequencing efforts have described the mutational landscape of the pediatric brain tumor medulloblastoma. Although MLL2 is among the most frequent somatic single nucleotide variants (SNV), the… Expand
Describing patients' normal tissue reactions: Concerning the possibility of individualising radiotherapy dose prescriptions based on potential predictive assays of normal tissue radiosensitivity
- N. Burnet, J. Johansen, I. Turesson, J. Nyman, J. Peacock
- International journal of cancer
- 18 December 1998
Clinical radiotherapeutic doses are limited by the tolerance of normal tissues. Patients given a standard treatment exhibit a range of normal tissue reactions, and a better understanding of this… Expand
Cellular radiosensitivity and DNA damage in primary human fibroblasts.
- R. Wurm, N. Burnet, N. Duggal, J. Yarnold, J. Peacock
- International journal of radiation oncology…
- 15 October 1994
PURPOSE To evaluate the relationship between radiation-induced cell survival and DNA damage in primary human fibroblasts to decide whether the initial or residual DNA damage levels are the more… Expand