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New cigarette brands with flavors that appeal to youth: tobacco marketing strategies.
Tobacco manufacturers have recently introduced a proliferation of exotic brands featuring candylike flavors. We reviewed internal tobacco industry documents and patents to assess the role of flavored… Expand
Cigarette Filter–based Assays as Proxies for Toxicant Exposure and Smoking Behavior—A Literature Review
- J. Pauly, R. O'connor, G. Paszkiewicz, K. Cummings, M. Djordjevic, P. Shields
- Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
- 1 December 2009
Background: Cigarettes are being marketed with filters that differ in composition and design. The filters have different toxicant trapping efficiencies, and smoking stains reflect variations in… Expand
A Simplified Technique for in Vitro Studies of Lymphocyte Reactivity 1
Summary In vitro studies of lymphocyte reactivity to mitogens, soluble antigens and homologous cells were performed by diluting whole blood with culture medium and using 24-hr labeling with… Expand
Long‐Term Cultivation of Functional Human Macrophages in Teflon Dishes With Serum‐Free Media
- E. H. Helinski, K. Bielat, G. M. Ovak, J. Pauly
- Biology, Medicine
- Journal of leukocyte biology
- 1 August 1988
Reported herein are the results of studies demonstrating the utility of a chemically defined, serum‐free medium designated as AIM‐V (GIBCO) for the long‐term (>2 weeks) cultivation of… Expand
Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco-Associated Human Buccal Cell Mutations and Their Association with Oral Cancer—A Review
- Nicole K. Proia, G. Paszkiewicz, Maureen A. Sullivan Nasca, Gail E Franke, J. Pauly
- Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention
- 1 June 2006
Reported herein are the results of a structured literature review that was undertaken to (a) determine if human buccal (mouth) cell changes are associated with smoking and smokeless (“chewing”)… Expand
Inhaled cellulosic and plastic fibers found in human lung tissue.
- J. Pauly, S. Stegmeier, +4 authors R. Streck
- Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a…
- 1 May 1998
We report the results of studies undertaken to determine whether inhaled plant (i.e., cellulosic; e.g., cotton) and plastic (e.g., polyester) fibers are present in human lungs and, if so, whether… Expand
Immunotoxicology of cigarette smoke condensates: suppression of macrophage responsiveness to interferon gamma.
- K. Braun, T. Cornish, A. Valm, J. Cundiff, J. Pauly, S. Fan
- Biology, Medicine
- Toxicology and applied pharmacology
- 1 April 1998
We have investigated systematically the effects of short-term exposure to main stream cigarette smoke condensates (CSC-MS) on basal and inducible functional capacities of murine peritoneal exudate… Expand
Fibers released from cigarette filters: an additional health risk to the smoker?
Tests of 12 popular brands of cigarettes manufactured by 6 companies from the United States have shown that fibers were released from the filters and that there exists probable cause to suggest that… Expand
Simplified whole blood method for evaluating in vitro lymphocyte reactivity of laboratory animals.
A whole blood culture technique has been employed to quantitatively evaluate lymphocyte reactivity of small laboratory animals including mice, rats, guinea-pigs and rabbits. This simplified method… Expand