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Trapdoor Fracture of the Orbit in a Pediatric Population
TLDR
A retrospective series of 19 pediatric patients with a high association between trapdoor fracture and restricted ocular motility and early intervention was associated with better postoperative function, recommending that the symptomatic trapdoor orbit fracture be considered an urgent indication for surgical intervention.
Orbital emphysema. Staging and acute management.
TLDR
Understanding the pathophysiology of orbital emphysema is important in developing a rational approach to manage this potentially sight-threatening condition.
The silent sinus syndrome. A cause of spontaneous enophthalmos.
TLDR
Enophthalmos and hypoglobus unassociated with prior trauma, surgery, or other symptoms may represent "silent sinus syndrome," which is ipsilateral maxillary sinus hypoplasia and orbital floor resorption.
Foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy, adult type. A clinicopathologic study including electron microscopic observations.
TLDR
Detailed pathologic studies of two postmortem eyes from a 61-year-old woman with documented FVDAT disclosed striking abnormalities involving mainly the foveal RPE and overlying photoreceptors, and the possible interrelationships between FVDat and the other pattern dystrophies of the RPE are discussed.
Medial Rectus Muscle Injuries Associated With Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: Characterization and Management
TLDR
Medial rectus muscle injury as a complication of FESS can vary markedly and proper characterization and treatment are important, particularly with reference to the degree of direct MR injury (muscle tissue loss) and entrapment.
Skin flaps in periorbital reconstruction.
TLDR
The specific applications of the flaps to periorbital reconstruction are emphasized and the indications for use of various skin flaps, the local factors involved in flap selection, and proper preoperative planning are discussed.
Transconjunctival approach vs subciliary skin-muscle flap approach for orbital fracture repair.
TLDR
The transconjunctival approach provides excellent exposure with less risk of postoperative eyelid retraction and ectropion and the subciliary skin-muscle flap approach found a 12% rate of transient ectropions and a 28% rates of permanent scleral show with the sub ciliary skin and muscle flap approach.
Computed tomographic features of nonthyroid extraocular muscle enlargement.
TLDR
A retrospective analysis of the computed tomographic scans of 60 patients with nonthyroid enlarged extraocular muscles to establish the differential radiographic features of these disorders found no feature is pathognomonic for any disorder.
Congenital dacryocele. A collaborative review.
TLDR
Surgical intervention is indicated in cases of dacryocystitis, cellulitis, breathing difficulty from large nasal cysts, recurrentdacryocele, and lack of its resolution after a short trial of digital massage.
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