The case for technology in developing regions
It is argued that Western market forces continue to meet the needs of developing regions accidentally at best, and there is thus a need for technology research for developing regions.
The challenges of technology research for developing regions
This article document real challenges, try to generalize them, and suggest steps that might at least mitigate the problems, and hopes to help others, particularly researchers from outside these regions, to avoid the authors' mistakes.
Multiple mice for retention tasks in disadvantaged schools
- U. Pawar, J. Pal, Rahul Gupta, K. Toyama
- BiologyInternational Conference on Human Factors in…
- 29 April 2007
Gender effects were found, where boys show significant differences in learning depending on interaction modality, whereas girls learned at similar rates across configurations, suggesting that the value of a PC can be inexpensively multiplied by employing a multi-input shared-use design.
Speech Recognition for Illiterate Access to Information and Technology
- M. Plauché, Udhyakumar Nallasamy, J. Pal, Chuck Wooters, D. Ramachandran
- Computer ScienceInternational Conference on Information and…
- 1 May 2006
This paper presents an inexpensive approach for gathering the linguistic resources needed to power a simple spoken dialog system and addresses the unique social and economic challenges of the developing world by relying on modifiable and highly transparent software and hardware.
Agency in Assistive Technology Adoption: Visual Impairment and Smartphone Use in Bangalore
- J. Pal, Anandhi Viswanathan, M. S. O'Modhrain
- Computer ScienceInternational Conference on Human Factors in…
- 2 May 2017
It is found that many users switch to smartphones despite their awareness of significant usability challenges with smartphones, and a nuanced understanding of perceived usefulness and actual usage based on need-related social and economic functions is proposed.
Digital Payment and Its Discontents: Street Shops and the Indian Government's Push for Cashless Transactions
- J. Pal, Priyank Chandra, Vaishnav Kameswaran, Aakanksha Parameshwar, Sneha Joshi, A. Johri
- BusinessInternational Conference on Human Factors in…
- 21 April 2018
It is proposed that the move toward digital payments must be framed within a larger undertaking of technology-driven modernity that drives these initiatives, rather than just the efficiency or productivity gains digital payments present.
“My child will be respected”: Parental perspectives on computers and education in Rural India
It is argued here that a widespread existing discourse about computers in media and public life in India, mostly emerging from urban middle-classes ideas around technology, help spur a strong sense of expectation that the computers can dramatically change social prospects even among the poorest and most excluded.
The Case of the Occasionally Cheap Computer: Low-cost Devices and Classrooms in the Developing Regions
The quest for the low-cost computer has been one of the most significant pursuits of ICTD since the 1990s. This article examines the experiences of low-cost computing projects in developing regions…
Capable and convivial design (CCD): a framework for designing information and communication technologies for human development
It is argued that the gap between Sen's idea of capabilities and Illich's notion of conviviality are markedly well suited to guide the design of contextually relevant and user empowering ICTs and can be overcome by adopting design-based approaches in ICTD.
Multiple Mice for Computers in Education in Developing Countries
Software is developed that allows multiple coloured cursors to co-exist on the monitor, along with two sample games with some educational content, and suggests that children are more engaged when in control of a mouse, and that more mice increases overall engagement.