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Meta-Analysis of Neurobehavioral Outcomes in Very Preterm and/or Very Low Birth Weight Children
OBJECTIVE: Sequelae of academic underachievement, behavioral problems, and poor executive function (EF) have been extensively reported for very preterm (≤33 weeks' gestation) and/or very low birthExpand
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How specific are executive functioning deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism?
BACKGROUND The objective of this study is to identify intact and deficient cognitive processes in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and children with high functioningExpand
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How specific is a deficit of executive functioning for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
A selective review of research in the executive functioning (EF) is given for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), higherExpand
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Response inhibition in AD/HD, CD, comorbid AD/HD + CD, anxious, and control children: a meta-analysis of studies with the stop task.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether impaired response inhibition is uniquely related to AD/HD or whether deficits in response inhibition are also evident in other psychopathologicalExpand
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Executive functioning in adult ADHD: a meta-analytic review.
BACKGROUND Several theoretical explanations of ADHD in children have focused on executive functioning as the main explanatory neuropsychological domain for the disorder. In order to establish ifExpand
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The impact of reinforcement contingencies on AD/HD: a review and theoretical appraisal.
One of the core deficits in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is thought to be an aberrant sensitivity to reinforcement, such as reward and response cost. Twenty-two studies (N=1181Expand
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Decision making in pathological gambling: a comparison between pathological gamblers, alcohol dependents, persons with Tourette syndrome, and normal controls.
Decision making deficits play an important role in the definition of pathological gambling (PG). However, only few empirical studies are available regarding decision making processes in PG. ThisExpand
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Neurocognitive functions in pathological gambling: a comparison with alcohol dependence, Tourette syndrome and normal controls.
AIMS Neurocognitive functions in pathological gambling have relevance for the aetiology and treatment of this disorder, yet are poorly understood. This study therefore investigated neurocognitiveExpand
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Psychophysiological determinants and concomitants of deficient decision making in pathological gamblers.
Psychophysiological responses are considered to be a mediating factor in the development of pathological gambling (PG) and PG has been associated with differential arousal levels during gambling. YetExpand
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Information Processing and Energetic Factors in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Currently, children and adolescents with an excess of hyperactive, inattentive, and impulsive behavior are diagnosed as Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; see the Diagnostic andExpand
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