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How many flowering plants are pollinated by animals
TLDR
The global number and proportion of animal pollinated angiosperms is estimated as 308 006, which is 87.5% of the estimated species-level diversity of fl owering plants. Expand
Generalization in Pollination Systems, and Why it Matters
TLDR
To illustrate the range of specialization and generalization in pollinators' use of plants and vice versa, studies of two floras in the United States, and of members of several plant families and solitary bee genera are drawn. Expand
Plant-pollinator interactions: from specialization to generalization.
TLDR
"Plant-Pollinator Interactions" portrays the intimate relationships of pollination over time and space and reveals patterns of interactions from individual to community levels, showing how these patterns change at different spatial and temporal scales. Expand
Multiple meanings and modes: on the many ways to be a generalist flower
TLDR
The different meanings of generalist flowers with respect to the ecological "set and setting" of pollination are assessed, and notions of ecological, functional and phenotypic generalization are discussed. Expand
A global test of the pollination syndrome hypothesis.
TLDR
Ordination of flowers in a multivariate 'phenotype space' defined by the pollination syndromes showed that almost no plant species fall within the discrete syndrome clusters and the most common pollinator could not be successfully predicted. Expand
Year‐to‐year variation in the topology of a plant–pollinator interaction network
TLDR
It is shown that network structure varied through time in a montane meadow community from southern California, USA, in that pollinator species did not form the same links with plant species across years, and composition of the generalized core group of species in the network varied among summers. Expand
Extinctions of aculeate pollinators in Britain and the role of large-scale agricultural changes
TLDR
Using historical records, the rate of extinction of bee and flower-visiting wasp species in Britain from the mid-19th century to the present is assessed, finding the most rapid phase of extinction appears to be related to changes in agricultural policy and practice beginning in the 1920s. Expand
Finding NEMO: nestedness engendered by mutualistic organization in anemonefish and their hosts
TLDR
Understanding of the structure of mutualistic relationships is extended into previously unexplored taxonomic and physical realms, and how nestedness analysis can be applied to the conservation of obligate species interactions is suggested. Expand
Pollination systems in the Asclepiadaceae: a survey and preliminary analysis☆
TLDR
A preliminary analysis of present-day pollination systems in the dicot family Asclepiadaceae (the ‘milkweeds’) is offered, and Stapelieae is the most specialized tribe, in terms of the taxonomic breadth of pollinators of individual species. Expand
Reconciling Ecological Processes with Phylogenetic Patterns: The Apparent Paradox of Plant--Pollinator Systems
TLDR
The evolution of floral diversity seems to be based upon specialized relationships with pollinators, yet (with some obvious exceptions) the majority of angiosperms appear to be promiscuously pollinated by a range of taxa. Expand
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