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Extracellular Adenosine Mediates a Systemic Metabolic Switch during Immune Response
TLDR
The natural infection of Drosophila with a parasitoid wasp is employed to study energy regulation during immune response to show that a significant portion of nutrients are allocated to differentiating lamellocytes when they would otherwise be used for development. Expand
Cost of digging is determined by intrinsic factors rather than by substrate quality in two subterranean rodent species
TLDR
It is concluded that less effective digging in F. mechowii can be compensated by the joint workforce of other family members, Alternatively, H. argenteocinereus, being a more effective digger, can afford a solitary way of life. Expand
Invasive ant Tapinoma melanocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): A rare guest or increasingly common indoor pest in Europe?
TLDR
The revised distribution of GA shows that despite previous concerns about the threats posed by this new pest only three other European countries (including Czech Republic) reported the presence of this species after 2009, and suggests alternative methods of eradicating GA in the temperate zone based on studies carried out in the tropics. Expand
Social and Environmental Influences on Daily Activity Pattern in Free-Living Subterranean Rodents
TLDR
Monitoring of outside-nest activity in eusocial mole-rat species concluded that social cues in communally nesting mole-rats may disrupt (mask) temperature-related daily activity rhythms but probably only if the additional cost of thermoregulation is not too high, as it likely is in the Ansell’s mole- rat. Expand
Cost effective, robust, and reliable coupled separation techniques for the identification and quantification of phospholipids in complex biological matrices: application to insects.
TLDR
A set of simple and cost-effective analytical methods that enable efficient characterization and quantification of particular phospholipid classes and the identification and relative distribution of the individual phospholIPid species are introduced. Expand
A seasonal difference of daily energy expenditure in a free-living subterranean rodent, the silvery mole-rat (Heliophobius argenteocinereus; Bathyergidae).
TLDR
It is suggested that rainfall is an important environmental factor responsible for higher energy expenditure in mole-rats, probably due to increased burrowing activity. Expand
Surprisingly low risk of overheating during digging in two subterranean rodents
TLDR
The results suggest that mole-rats may effectively avoid overheating in burrows by effective cooling while digging, especially in wet soil, and indicates that burrowing in soils moistened by rains could be easier than previously thought contributing thus to mole- rats success in challenging environment of subterranean burrows. Expand
Higher resting metabolic rate in long-lived breeding Ansell’s mole-rats (Fukomys anselli)
TLDR
This is the first study reporting a positive correlation between msRMR and lifespan based on reproductive status, which contradicts common aging theories, but supports recently introduced models which do not necessarily link reproductive trade-offs to lifespan reduction. Expand
Modulation of adrenergic receptors and adrenergic functions in cold adapted humans
TLDR
Data indicate that modifications of activity of β adrenoceptors play crucial role in mechanisms responsible for adaptation of humans to cold. Expand
Poikilothermic traits in Mashona mole-rat (Fukomys darlingi). Reality or myth?
TLDR
This study measured resting metabolic rate and body temperature of Mashona mole-rats from Malawi across a gradient of ambient temperatures to test its poikilothermic traits and found that the adult mass specific resting metabolic Rate was 0.76±0.20 ml O 2  g −1  h −1 and bodyTemperature 34.8±1.1 °C in the thermoneutral zone. Expand
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