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Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan
Results are provided that directly correlate residues of the anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac with renal failure and renal failure in the Oriental white-backed vulture (OWBV) and it is proposed that residues of veterinary diclotenac are responsible for the OWBV decline.
Escherichia albertii in Wild and Domestic Birds
The isolates were similar to those that cause disease in humans and showed the potential to be a source of infectious disease in animals.
Bullet Fragments in Deer Remains: Implications for Lead Exposure in Avian Scavengers
- W. G. Hunt, W. Burnham, Chris N. Parish, K. Burnham, B. Mutch, J. Oaks
- Environmental Science
- 1 March 2006
In radiographs of selected portions of the remains of 38 deer supplied by cooperating, licensed hunters in 2002–2004, radiographs found metal fragments broadly distributed along wound channels suggest a high potential for scavenger exposure to lead.
Lead Bullet Fragments in Venison from Rifle-Killed Deer: Potential for Human Dietary Exposure
It is concluded that people risk exposure to bioavailable lead from bullet fragments when they eat venison from deer killed with standard lead-based rifle bullets and processed under normal procedures.
Breeding and mortality of Oriental White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis in Punjab Province, Pakistan
- M. Gilbert, M. Virani, Qaswar Ali Shah
- Environmental ScienceBird Conservation International
- 1 December 2002
Investigation of breeding success and pattern of mortality in two vulture colonies within Punjab Province, Pakistan between December 2000 and June 2001 implies that the mortality factor responsible for the decline in Gyps vultures described in India is also present in Pakistan and will potentially lead to a population decline of a comparable magnitude.
Rapid population declines and mortality clusters in three Oriental white-backed vulture Gyps bengalensis colonies in Pakistan due to diclofenac poisoning
With populations declining by approximately 50% annually, the long term survival of Gyps vultures in South Asia will require the removal of diclofenac from vulture food and establishment of captive populations for future restoration once the environment is free from contamination.
A novel subgroup of rhadinoviruses in ruminants.
Comparison of phylogenetic trees between the rhadinoviruses and their corresponding hosts further supports the gammaherpesvirus and host co-evolution theory.
Experimental aerosol infection of cattle (Bos taurus) with ovine herpesvirus 2 using nasal secretions from infected sheep.
PATHOLOGY AND PROPOSED PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF DICLOFENAC POISONING IN FREE-LIVING AND EXPERIMENTALLY EXPOSED ORIENTAL WHITE-BACKED VULTURES (GYPS BENGALENSIS)
- C. Meteyer, B. Rideout, M. Gilbert, H. Shivaprasad, J. Oaks
- Medicine, BiologyJournal of wildlife diseases
- 1 October 2005
It is proposed that the mechanism by which diclofenac induces renal failure in the OWBV is through the inhibition of the modulating effect of prostaglandin on angiotensin II-mediated adrenergic stimulation.
Genetic and biological variation in equine infectious anemia virus Rev correlates with variable stages of clinical disease in an experimentally infected pony.
Genetic and biological variation in the regulatory protein Rev of equine infectious anemia virus were examined throughout a clinically dynamic disease course of an experimentally infected pony, and genetic analyses indicated that both the Rev and gp45 ORFs were under selective pressure.