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Gender-role conflict scale: College men's fear of femininity
Gender-role conflict exists when gender roles have negative consequences for people. This research reports initial validity and reliability data on measures of gender-role conflict for men. TwoExpand
Summarizing 25 Years of Research on Men's Gender Role Conflict Using the Gender Role Conflict Scale
This article reviews 232 empirical studies that used the Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS) over the past 25 years (1982-2007). The article introduces the gender role conflict (GRC) construct usingExpand
Patterns of Gender Role Conflict and Strain: Sexism and Fear of Femininity in Men's Lives
This article describes men's gender role conflict and strain that emanate from rigid gender socialization. The author proposes 10 assumptions about how gender role socialization and sexism can beExpand
Male gender role conflict: Psychometric issues and relations to psychological distress.
Two distinct deficits in research on male gender role conflict are addressed: (a) lack of psychometric information and (b) lack of research involving clinical samples. First, using 1,043 men acrossExpand
The Normative Male Alexithymia Scale: Measurement of a Gender-Linked Syndrome
This series of studies assessed the psychometric properties of the Normative Male Alexithymia Scale (NMAS), a brief scale designed to assess normative male alexithymia. Exploratory and confirmatoryExpand
Men's Gender Role Conflict: Psychological Costs, Consequences, and an Agenda for Change
Men's gender role conflict is a psychological state in which restrictive definitions of masculinity limit men's well-being and human potential. Gender role conflict (GRC) doesn't just harm boys andExpand
Gender-Role Conflict and Strain in Men’s Lives
Gender-role conflict and strain are part of contemporary society’s gender reevaluation. This gender reevaluation includes a critical assessment of masculinity, femininity, and androgyny as norms forExpand