• Publications
  • Influence
Triangulating Peace: Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations
Triangulating Peace tackles today's most provocative hypothesis in the field of international relations: the democratic peace proposition. Drawing on ideas originally put forth by Immanuel Kant, the
The Classical Liberals Were Right: Democracy, Interdependence, and Conflict, 1950–1985
The liberals believed that economic interdependence, as well as democracy, would reduce the incidence of interstate conflict. In this article, we test both their economic and their political
The Liberal Peace: Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict, 1950-85
The classical liberals believed that democracy and free trade would reduce the incidence of war. Here we conduct new tests of the `democratic peace', incorporating into the analyses of Maoz & Russett
The Kantian Peace: The Pacific Benefits of Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations, 1885-1992
The authors test Kantian and realist theories of interstate conflict using data extending over more than a century, treating those theories as complementary rather than competing. As the classical
Assessing the Liberal Peace with Alternative Specifications: Trade Still Reduces Conflict
Some recent analyses challenge previous reports which show that economically important trade significantly reduces the probability of militarized disputes between countries. Beck et al. (1998)
Clash of Civilizations, or Realism and Liberalism Déjà Vu? Some Evidence
We assess the degree to which propositions from Samuel Huntington's The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order can account for the incidence of militarized interstate disputes between
The Effects of the International Security Environment on National Military Expenditures: A Multicountry Study
Abstract We consider the influence of countries' external security environments on their military spending. We first estimate the ex ante probability that a country will become involved in a fatal
The theory of collective action and burden sharing in NATO
Mancur Olson's theory of collective action could account for much of the variance in the defense burdens of the allied nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the early years of
The Affinity of Foreign Investors for Authoritarian Regimes
  • J. O'neal
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 1 September 1994
Military coups in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile in the 1960s and 1970s cast doubt on the liberals' belief that democracy and economic development are mutually reenforcing. Indeed, Guillermo O'Donnell
Trade does promote peace: New simultaneous estimates of the reciprocal effects of trade and conflict
Two studies question whether economic interdependence promotes peace, arguing that previous research has not adequately considered the endogeneity of trade. Using simultaneous equations to capture