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A meta-analytical review of the effects of elevated CO2 on plant-arthropod interactions highlights the importance of interacting environmental and biological variables.
We conducted the most extensive meta-analysis of plant and animal responses to elevated CO(2) to date. We analysed > 5000 data points extracted from 270 papers published between 1979 and 2009. WeExpand
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Diet preference of sheep: effects of recent diet, physiological state and species abundance
The preference of sheep for two temperate grassland species, ryegrass and white clover, was tested by releasing flocks (of three ewes) onto swards (0.25 ha) that contained adjacent monocultures ofExpand
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The contribution of species richness and composition to bacterial services
Bacterial communities provide important services. They break down pollutants, municipal waste and ingested food, and they are the primary means by which organic matter is recycled to plants and otherExpand
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Development, Reproductive Output and Population Growth of the Fruit Fly Pest Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) on Artificial Diet
ABSTRACT Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is a fruit pest of Asian origin that invaded North America in 2008. Despite the widespread economic impact of this species, much ofExpand
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Rates of Weed Spread in Spatially Heterogeneous Environments
Communities subject to disturbance are apparently vulnerable to invasion in that they contain a large fraction of the introduced plant species persisting in any given area. Still, ecologists have aExpand
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High nitrogen supply and carbohydrate content reduce fungal endophyte and alkaloid concentration in Lolium perenne.
The relationship between cool-season grasses and fungal endophytes is widely regarded as mutualistic, but there is growing uncertainty about whether changes in resource supply and environment benefitExpand
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Sexual Cannibalism in Orb-Weaving Spiders: An Economic Model
Sexual cannibalism in orb-weaving spiders commonly takes place before copulation, even among virgin females. This behavior is curious because, although the female may obtain a nutritious meal, sheExpand
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Effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen and fungal endophyte‐infection on tall fescue: growth, photosynthesis, chemical composition and digestibility
Rising global carbon dioxide levels may lead to profound changes in plant composition, regardless of the degree of global warming that may result from the accumulation of this greenhouse gas. WeExpand
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Thermal Tolerances of the Spotted-Wing Drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae)
Abstract The spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii Matsumura) is an invasive species of Asian origin that is now widely distributed in North America and Europe. Because of the female's serratedExpand
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A Mechanistic Model of Some Physical Determinants of Intake Rate and Diet Selection in a Two-Species Temperate Grassland Sward
1. A model is described which provides a mechanistic explanation of the functional response of intake rate to herbage availability [Leaf Area Index (LAI), height or mass] in large herbivores. 2. WhenExpand
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