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Methods for the detection and enumeration of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris and investigation of growth and production of taint in fruit juice and fruit juice‐containing drinks
TLDR
Methods for the detection of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris at a level of 1 cell per 100 ml and enumeration with a sensitivity of 5 cells ml−1 were developed and outgrew and multiplied at a similar rate to vegetative cells in both orange juice and apple juice. Expand
REVIEW: The alcohol‐preferring P rat and animal models of excessive alcohol drinking
TLDR
Findings indicate that the P rat can be effectively used in models assessing alcohol‐preference, a genetic predisposition for alcohol abuse and/or alcoholism, and excessive drinking using protocols of binge‐like or relapse‐like drinking. Expand
Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of the Indiana University Rat Lines Selectively Bred for High and Low Alcohol Preference
TLDR
The elucidation of the genotypes and phenotypes that result in excessive alcohol intake may lead to a better understanding of alcohol abuse and alcoholism and could guide strategies for potential treatment and prevention. Expand
Localization of brain reinforcement mechanisms: intracranial self-administration and intracranial place-conditioning studies
TLDR
Overall, the ICSA and ICPC studies indicate that there are a number of receptors, neuronal pathways, and discrete CNS sites involved in brain reward mechanisms. Expand
Regional heterogeneity for the intracranial self-administration of ethanol within the ventral tegmental area of female Wistar rats
TLDR
The findings suggest that EtOH is reinforcing within the posterior VTA of Wistar rats, and the VTA is a functionally heterogeneous structure with regard to EtOH reinforcement. Expand
Intracranial Self-Administration of Ethanol within the Ventral Tegmental Area of Male Wistar Rats: Evidence for Involvement of Dopamine Neurons
TLDR
The results of this study indicate that EtOH is reinforcing within the posterior VTA of male Wistar rats and suggest that activation of VTA DA neurons is involved in this process. Expand
Role of Dopamine D1 and D2 Receptors in the Nucleus Accumbens in Mediating Reward
TLDR
The present results suggest that concurrent activation of D1- and D2-type receptors in the shell of the ACB had a cooperative effect on DA-mediated reward processes. Expand
Comparison of alcohol-preferring (P) and nonpreferring (NP) rats on tests of anxiety and for the anxiolytic effects of ethanol.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that selective breeding for divergent oral ethanol preference has produced associated differences between the P and NP lines of rats in behavioral tests of anxiety and in the anxiolytic effects of ethanol. Expand
Effect of low dose ethanol on spontaneous motor activity in alcohol-preferring and -nonpreferring lines of rats
TLDR
The data indicate a positive relationship between ethanol preference and ethanol-induced motor stimulation and suggest that hyperactivity may be an expression of the positive reinforcing effect of ethanol for alcohol-preferring rats. Expand
Daily patterns of ethanol drinking in peri-adolescent and adult alcohol-preferring (P) rats
TLDR
Findings indicate that alcohol drinking patterns differ across the age and sex of P rats, which suggests that the effectiveness of treatments for reducing excessive alcohol intake may vary depending upon the Age and/or sex of the subjects being tested. Expand
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