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Butyrivibrio hungatei sp. nov. and Pseudobutyrivibrio xylanivorans sp. nov., butyrate-producing bacteria from the rumen.
TLDR
Two novel Gram-negative, anaerobic, non-spore-forming, butyrate-producing bacterial species, strains Mz 5T and JK 615T, were isolated from the rumen fluid of cow and sheep and phylogenetic relationships were determined. Expand
Oral administration of Parabacteroides distasonis antigens attenuates experimental murine colitis through modulation of immunity and microbiota composition
TLDR
Oral treatment of BALB/c mice with components from the commensal, Parabacteroides distasonis, significantly reduces the severity of intestinal inflammation in murine models of acute and chronic colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium (DSS). Expand
Gut microbiome composition and metabolomic profiles of wild western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) reflect host ecology
TLDR
By characterizing the interplay between environment, behaviour, diet and symbiotic gut microbes, this work presents an alternative perspective on primate ecology and on the forces that shape the gut microbiomes of wild primates from an evolutionary context. Expand
Effect of DNA extraction and sample preservation method on rumen bacterial population.
TLDR
Intracellular DNA extraction using bead-beating method from cheesecloth sieved rumen content mixed with PBS-glycerol and stored at -80 °C was found as the optimal method to study ruminal bacterial profile. Expand
Bombiscardovia coagulans gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of bumblebees.
TLDR
Bombiscardovia coagulans was found to differ from all scardovial genera in the ability to grow at temperatures as low as 5°C, which was another major phenotypically different characteristic of this new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae. Expand
Variation in Honey Bee Gut Microbial Diversity Affected by Ontogenetic Stage, Age and Geographic Location
TLDR
It is found that bacterial counts do not show only yearly cycles within a colony, but vary on the individual level, and redundancy analysis conducted using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis identified bacterial species that were characteristic of each developmental stage. Expand
Altered Gut Microbiota Promotes Colitis-Associated Cancer in IL-1 Receptor–Associated Kinase M–Deficient Mice
TLDR
It is concluded that gut microbiota promotes tumorigenesis by increasing the exposure of gut epithelium to carcinogens and that IRAK-M–negative regulation is essential for colon cancer resistance even in conditions of altered microbiota. Expand
Bifidobacterium actinocoloniiforme sp. nov. and Bifidobacterium bohemicum sp. nov., from the bumblebee digestive tract.
TLDR
Results indicate that the isolates of the two groups belong to novel species within the genus Bifidobacterium, as proposed by phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses and analysis of 16S rRNA and partial hsp60 gene sequences. Expand
Bifidobacterium bombi sp. nov., from the bumblebee digestive tract.
TLDR
The results presented support the proposal of a novel species to accommodate strain BluCI/TPT, with the name Bifidobacterium bombi sp. Expand
Diet-dependent shifts in ruminal butyrate-producing bacteria
TLDR
Results suggested that high-fiber intake essentially increases the Butyrivibrio amounts in the rumen, whereas high-energy food additives lead to its suppression. Expand
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