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Symbiosis and competition: complex interactions among beetles, fungi, and mites
Symbioses among bark beetles and their fungal and mite associates involve complex, multi-level interactions. Dendroctonus frontalis attacks and kills southern pines , introducing fungi into the treeExpand
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A key to the mites associated with flying Ips typographus in South Germany
A key identifies 32 species of mites associated with flying Ips typographus collected from nondestructive pheromone traps in South Germany. Fifteen species were judged phoretic because they wereExpand
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Use of sporothecae by phoretic Tarsonemus mites to transport ascospores of coniferous bluestain fungi
Certain female Tarsonemus mites, like their host bark beetles, carry a specific fungus upon which the mites feed, inside a special morphological, spore-carrying structure called a sporotheca. TheExpand
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Antagonisms, mutualisms and commensalisms affect outbreak dynamics of the southern pine beetle
Feedback from community interactions involving mutualisms are a rarely explored mechanism for generating complex population dynamics. We examined the effects of two linked mutualisms on theExpand
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Strong indirect interactions of Tarsonemus mites (Acarina: Tarsonemidae) and Dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)
Phoretic mites of bark beetles are classic examples of commensal ectosymbionts. However, many such mites appear to have mutualisms with fungi that could themselves interact with beetles. We testedExpand
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Mites associated with Southern Pine Bark Beetles in Allen Parish, Louisiana
Ninety-six species of mites were associated with the southern pine beetle and allied scolytids in an outbreak area in Allen Parish, La. The complex was evaluated to ascertain which species may be ofExpand
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Transportation of phytopathogenic fungi by the bark beetle Ips sexdentatus Boerner and associated mites
The bark beetle Ips sexdentatus carries several types of conidiospores and ascopores in the pronotal punctures located around the setae on the sides of the pronotum. For swarming beetles, some of theExpand
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The mites associated with Ips typographus in Sweden
Twenty-four species of mites were found associated with Ips typographus (Linnaeus) collected from pheromone traps in Sweden, bringing to 38 the total recorded for this scolytid. Because three of theExpand
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Phoretic mites and their hyperphoretic fungi associated with flying Ips typographus japonicus Niijima (Col., Scolytidae) in Japan
Flying Ips typographus japonicus from Hokkaido (Japan) carried 12 species of phoretic mites, three of which were not previously recorded in Europe. The mite biologies were diverse, includingExpand
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Mutualism and Antagonism: Ecological Interactions Among Bark Beetles, Mite and Fungi
Insect-fungal complexes provide challenging and fascinating systems for the study of biotic interactions between plants. plant pathogens, insect vectors and other associated organisms. The types ofExpand
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