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High-intensity interval running is perceived to be more enjoyable than moderate-intensity continuous exercise: Implications for exercise adherence
Abstract The aim of this study was to objectively quantify ratings of perceived enjoyment using the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale following high-intensity interval running versusExpand
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Seasonal training-load quantification in elite English premier league soccer players.
PURPOSE To quantify the seasonal training load completed by professional soccer players of the English Premier League. METHODS Thirty players were sampled (using GPS, heart rate, and rating ofExpand
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Assessment of vitamin D concentration in non-supplemented professional athletes and healthy adults during the winter months in the UK: implications for skeletal muscle function
Abstract The current study implemented a two-part design to (1) assess the vitamin D concentration of a large cohort of non-vitamin D supplemented UK-based athletes and 30 age-matched healthyExpand
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Matched work high-intensity interval and continuous running induce similar increases in PGC-1α mRNA, AMPK, p38, and p53 phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle.
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that acute high-intensity interval (HIT) running induces greater activation of signaling pathways associated with mitochondrial biogenesisExpand
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Time course and differential responses of the major heat shock protein families in human skeletal muscle following acute nondamaging treadmill exercise.
The exercise-induced expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in rodent models is relatively well defined. In contrast, comparable data from human studies are limited and the exercise-induced stressExpand
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The effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on serum total 25[OH]D concentration and physical performance: a randomised dose–response study
Background Vitamin D deficiency is common in the general public and athletic populations and may impair skeletal muscle function. We therefore assessed the effects of vitamin D3 supplementation onExpand
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The Exercise-Induced Stress Response of Skeletal Muscle, with Specific Emphasis on Humans
Skeletal muscle adapts to the stress of contractile activity via changes in gene expression to yield an increased content of a family of highly conserved cytoprotective proteins known as heat shockExpand
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Carbohydrate availability and exercise training adaptation: Too much of a good thing?
Abstract Traditional nutritional approaches to endurance training have typically promoted high carbohydrate (CHO) availability before, during and after training sessions to ensure adequate muscleExpand
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Reduced carbohydrate availability does not modulate training-induced heat shock protein adaptations but does upregulate oxidative enzyme activity in human skeletal muscle.
The primary aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that training with reduced carbohydrate availability from both endogenous and exogenous sources provides an enhanced stimulus forExpand
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Influence of Cold Water Immersion on Limb and Cutaneous Blood Flow at Rest
Background: Cold water immersion reduces exercise-induced muscle damage. Benefits may partly arise from a decline in limb blood flow; however, no study has comprehensively investigated the influenceExpand
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