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ASSESSING "NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS": Social Processes and New Directions in Research
▪ Abstract This paper assesses and synthesizes the cumulative results of a new “neighborhood-effects” literature that examines social processes related to problem behaviors and health-related…
Neighborhood inequality, collective efficacy, and the spatial dynamics of urban violence
Highlighting resource inequality, social processes, and spatial interdependence, this study combines structural characteristics from the 1990 census with a survey of 8,872 Chicago residents in 1995…
Beyond Social Capital: Spatial Dynamics of Collective Efficacy for Children
We propose a theoretical framework on the structural sources and spatially embedded nature of three mechanisms that produce collective efficacy for children. Using survey data collected in 1995 from…
Social anatomy of racial and ethnic disparities in violence.
The results imply that generic interventions to improve neighborhood conditions and support families may reduce racial gaps in violence.
Assessing the measurement properties of neighborhood scales: from psychometrics to ecometrics.
- M. Mujahid, A. D. Diez Roux, J. Morenoff, T. Raghunathan
- PsychologyAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
- 15 April 2007
The authors develop measures (scales) of neighborhood environment that are important in cardiovascular disease risk, assess the psychometric and ecometric properties of these measures, and examine individual- and neighborhood-level predictors ofThese measures.
Neighborhood Mechanisms and the Spatial Dynamics of Birth Weight1
- J. Morenoff
- PsychologyAmerican Journal of Sociology
- 1 March 2003
The theoretical understanding and empirical estimation of “neighborhood effects” on health are bolstered by collecting data on more causally proximate social processes and by taking into account spatial interdependencies among neighborhoods.
Understanding social disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control: the role of neighborhood context.
Using Google Earth to conduct a neighborhood audit: reliability of a virtual audit instrument.
Mobility disability and the urban built environment.
- P. Clarke, J. Ailshire, M. Bader, J. Morenoff, J. House
- MedicineAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
- 1 September 2008
It was found that street conditions had no effect on outdoor mobility among adults with only mild or no physical impairment, and the odds of reporting mobility disability were attenuated in those with lower extremity impairment.
Violent Crime and The Spatial Dynamics of Neighborhood Transition: Chicago, 1970–1990
Integrating ecological, demographic, and criminological theory, this article examines the role of violent crime and socioeconomic disadvantage in triggering population decline in Chicago…