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A hot/cool-system analysis of delay of gratification: dynamics of willpower.
A 2-system framework is proposed for understanding the processes that enable--and undermine--self-control or "willpower" as exemplified in the delay of gratification paradigm. A cool, cognitive…
Intuition in insight and noninsight problem solving
The difference in phenomenology accompanying insight and noninsight problem solving is proposed to be used to define insight, and the data indicated that noninsights problems were open to accurate predictions of performance, whereas insight problems were opaque to such predictions.
Metacognitive Judgments and Control of Study
- J. Metcalfe
- PsychologyCurrent directions in psychological science
- 1 June 2009
It is argued here that people use metacognitions in an effort to selectively study material in their own region of proximal learning to effectively take control of his or her own learning.
Anatomical Coupling between Distinct Metacognitive Systems for Memory and Visual Perception
- Li Yan McCurdy, Brian Maniscalco, J. Metcalfe, Ka-yuet Liu, F. D. de Lange, H. Lau
- Psychology, BiologyThe Journal of Neuroscience
- 30 January 2013
It is found that gray matter volumes of the frontal polar and precuneus regions themselves correlated across individuals, and a formal model comparison analysis suggested that this structural covariation was sufficient to account for the behavioral correlation of metacognition in the two tasks.
Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning. IES Practice Guide. NCER 2007-2004.
This practice guide should be used as a tool to assist in decision-making rather than as a " cookbook".
Is study time allocated selectively to a region of proximal learning?
- J. Metcalfe
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. General
- 1 September 2002
Five experiments investigated whether people allocate their study time according to the discrepancy reduction model or to items in their own region of proximal learning, and found that experts devoted their time to items that were more difficult than did novices.
Neural Systems and Cue-Induced Cocaine Craving
Metacognitive and control strategies in study-time allocation.
How people's metacognitive judgments influence subsequent study-time-allocation strategies is investigated, indicating that people allocate more study time to judged-difficult than to judging-easy items--consistent with extant models of study- time allocation.
Cohesion Failure as a Source of Memory Illusions
Patients with damage to either side of their hippocampal formation made more conjunction errors with pictorial stimuli than did normal subjects, supporting the hypothesis that binding is an important early step in the consolidation process and that the hippocampus is a critical component of the neural system involved in the appropriate binding of memory components.
Feeling of knowing in memory and problem solving.
- J. Metcalfe
- 1 April 1986
This study investigates feelings of knowing for problem solving and memory. In Experiment 1 subjects judged their feelings of knowing to trivia questions they had been unable to answer, then…