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Estimated HIV Incidence in the United States, 2006–2009
Overall, HIV incidence in the United States was relatively stable 2006–2009; however, among young MSM, particularly black/African American MSM, incidence increased and expanded, improved, and targeted prevention is necessary to reduce HIV incidence.
Population-Based Hematologic and Immunologic Reference Values for a Healthy Ugandan Population
Blood samples from 3,311 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative Ugandans aged 1 week to 92 years were evaluated and the absolute values for many of these parameters differed from those reported for populations outside Africa, suggesting that it may be necessary to develop tables of reference values for hematologic and immunologic indices specific for the African population.
Estimating per-act HIV transmission risk: a systematic review
The risk of HIV acquisition varied widely, and the estimates for receptive anal intercourse increased compared with previous estimates, while the risk associated with sexual intercourse was reduced most substantially by the combined use of condoms and antiretroviral treatment of HIV-infected partners.
Reptiles, amphibians, and human Salmonella infection: a population-based, case-control study.
- J. Mermin, L. Hutwagner, F. Angulo
- Biology, MedicineClinical infectious diseases : an official…
- 15 April 2004
It is suggested that reptile and amphibian exposure is associated with approximately 74,000 Salmonella infections annually in the United States.
Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
Providing ART, prevention counseling, and partner VCT was associated with reduced sexual risk behavior and estimated risk of HIV transmission among HIV-infected Ugandan adults during the first 6 months of therapy.
Disclosure of HIV Status and Adherence to Daily Drug Regimens Among HIV-infected Children in Uganda
The findings underscore the need for providers to support caregivers to disclose, provide on-going support and maintain open communication with HIV-infected children taking cotrimoxazole prophylaxis and ART to ensure adherence to life-extending medications.
Differences in human immunodeficiency virus care and treatment among subpopulations in the United States.
Significant age disparities exist at each step of the continuum of care and additional efforts are needed to ensure that all persons with HIV receive a diagnosis and optimal care to reduce morbidity, mortality, disparities in care and treatment, and ultimately HIV transmission.
Depression and CD4 Cell Count Among Persons with HIV Infection in Uganda
Depression was common among HIV-infected persons in rural Uganda and was associated with low CD4 cell counts, and Appropriate screening and treatment for depression should be considered for comprehensive HIV care.
Processes and Outcomes of HIV Serostatus Disclosure to Sexual Partners among People Living with HIV in Uganda
Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that disclosure of HIV-status was associated with being married, having attended TASO for more than 2 years, increased condom use, and knowledge of partner's serostatus.
County-Level Vulnerability Assessment for Rapid Dissemination of HIV or HCV Infections Among Persons Who Inject Drugs, United States
- M. V. Van Handel, C. Rose, J. Brooks
- MedicineJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
- 1 November 2016
This analysis highlights US counties potentially vulnerable to HIV and HCV infections among PWID in the context of the national opioid epidemic and identifies 220 counties in 26 states within the 95th percentile of most vulnerable.