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Comparison of genetic differentiation at marker loci and quantitative traits
TLDR
The degree of differentiation in quantitative traits (QST) typically exceeds that observed in neutral marker genes (FST), suggesting a prominent role for natural selection in accounting for patterns of quantitative trait differentiation among contemporary populations. Expand
Climate change and evolution: disentangling environmental and genetic responses
TLDR
The available evidence points to the overall conclusion that many responses perceived as adaptations to changing environmental conditions could be environmentally induced plastic responses rather than microevolutionary adaptations, and clear‐cut evidence indicating a significant role for evolutionary adaptation to ongoing climate warming is conspicuously scarce. Expand
Ecological genomics of local adaptation
TLDR
Genomic tools are now allowing genome-wide studies, and recent theoretical advances can help to design research strategies that combine genomics and field experiments to examine the genetics of local adaptation. Expand
Comparative studies of quantitative trait and neutral marker divergence: a meta‐analysis
TLDR
A comprehensive review and meta‐analysis of the empirical studies that have compared quantitative genetic (QST) and neutral marker (FST) differentiation among natural populations finds evidence to suggest that QST and FST values across studies are positively correlated, but the significance of this finding remains unclear. Expand
Climate change, adaptation, and phenotypic plasticity: the problem and the evidence
TLDR
Evidence for genetic adaptation to climate change has been found in some systems, but is still relatively scarce and it is clear that more studies are needed – and these must employ better inferential methods – before general conclusions can be drawn. Expand
QST–FST comparisons: evolutionary and ecological insights from genomic heterogeneity
Comparative studies of the divergence of quantitative traits and neutral molecular markers, known as QST–FST comparisons, provide a means for researchers to distinguish between natural selection andExpand
Genetic architecture of fitness and nonfitness traits: empirical patterns and development of ideas
TLDR
Comparative studies of dominance contributions for different types of traits, together with theoretical predictions and a large body of indirect evidence, suggest an important role of dominance variance in determining levels of residual variance for fitness-traits. Expand
Severe inbreeding depression in collared flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis)
TLDR
The results illustrate how severe inbreeding depression and considerable genetic load may exist in natural populations, but detecting them may require extensive long–term datasets. Expand
Contrasting patterns of body shape and neutral genetic divergence in marine and lake populations of threespine sticklebacks
TLDR
Investigation of phenotypic and genetic differentiation among Fennoscandian threespine stickleback populations found that the highest degree of differentiation occurred between sea and freshwater habitats, and comparisons by habitats revealed that body shape divergence between lake and marine populations and even among marine populations, can be strongly influenced by natural selection. Expand
High degree of population subdivision in a widespread amphibian
TLDR
The high level of substructuring is puzzling in the face of an apparently high dispersal capacity, as evidenced by the rather rapid recolonization of northern Europe, and suggests that processes other than restricted dispersal Capacity need to be explored as explanations for the high degree of population subdivision in amphibians. Expand
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