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Human–wildlife conflict in northern Botswana: livestock predation by Endangered African wild dog Lycaon pictus and other carnivores
The results corroborate studies from elsewhere that simple improvements in livestock husbandry practices would help mitigate human-carnivore conflicts and confirm that leaving livestock unattended during the day seems to facilitate predation but kraaling livestock at night reduces predation. Expand
Locomotion dynamics of hunting in wild cheetahs
A new tracking collar is described and used, containing a combination of Global Positioning System (GPS) and inertial measurement units, to capture the locomotor dynamics and outcome of 367 predominantly hunting runs of five wild cheetahs in Botswana, providing the first detailed locomotor information on the hunting dynamics of a large cursorial predator in its natural habitat. Expand
Sex-biased dispersal in African wild dogs, Lycaon pictus
  • J. Mcnutt
  • Biology
  • Animal Behaviour
  • 1 December 1996
The consequences of sex-biased dispersal in wild dogs are consistent with both hypotheses, but the competition for mating opportunities hypothesis is supported only within the context of dispersal behaviour indicative of close inbreeding avoidance. Expand
Patterns of population subdivision, gene flow and genetic variability in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus)
Analysis of mtDNA nucleotide diversity suggests that, historically, wild dog populations have been small relative to other large carnivores, and a large admixture zone spanning populations from Botswana, Zimbabwe and south‐eastern Tanzania is found. Expand
The bushmeat trade in African savannas: impacts, drivers, and possible solutions
The bushmeat trade, or the illegal acquisition and exchange of wild meat, has long been recognised as a severe problem in forest biomes, but receives little attention in savannas, perhaps due to aExpand
Fear of the dark or dinner by moonlight? Reduced temporal partitioning among Africa's large carnivores.
It is suggested that wild dogs, cheetahs, spotted hyenas and lions of Africa are "starvation driven" and must exploit every opportunity to obtain a meal on moonlit nights, to offset the risks of encountering night-active predators and competitors. Expand
Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence.
This work relates African lion population densities and population trends to contrasting management practices across 42 sites in 11 countries to show that lions in unfenced reserves are highly sensitive to human population density in surrounding communities, and unfenced populations are frequently subjected to density-independent factors. Expand
Risk avoidance in sympatric large carnivores: reactive or predictive?
The results suggest that cheetah spatial distribution is a hierarchical process, first driven by resource acquisition and thereafter fine-tuned by predator avoidance; thus suggesting a reactive, rather than a predictive, response to risk. Expand
Density and habitat use of lions and spotted hyenas in northern Botswana and the influence of survey and ecological variables on call-in survey estimation
Top predators significantly impact ecosystem dynamics and act as important indicator species for ecosystem health. However, reliable density estimates for top predators, considered necessary for theExpand
Population Dynamics of African Wild Dogs
Reduced adult mortality, coupled with high pup survival and their subsequent dispersal as yearlings, can provide a mechanism by which populations decimated by catastrophic disease or human destruction can quickly rebuild if sufficient habitat is available. Expand