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Cancer risk in 680 000 people exposed to computed tomography scans in childhood or adolescence: data linkage study of 11 million Australians
The increased incidence of cancer after CT scan exposure in this cohort was mostly due to irradiation, and future CT scans should be limited to situations where there is a definite clinical indication, with every scan optimised to provide a diagnostic CT image at the lowest possible radiation dose.
Cancer mortality in workers exposed to phenoxy herbicides, chlorophenols, and dioxins. An expanded and updated international cohort study.
Exposure to herbicides contaminated with TCDD and higher chlorinated dioxins may be associated with a small increase in overall cancer risk and in risk for specific cancers.
Bacterial colonization of the nasopharynx predicts very early onset and persistence of otitis media in Australian aboriginal infants.
- A. Leach, J. Boswell, V. Asche, T. Nienhuys, J. Mathews
- MedicineThe Pediatric infectious disease journal
- 1 November 1994
Aboriginal infants are "otitis-prone" and might qualify for prophylactic antibiotics and attribute early bacterial colonization in most Aboriginal infants to high rates of cross-infection due to overcrowding, poor hygiene andhigh rates of bacterial carriage.
Cumulative incidence of rheumatic fever in an endemic region: a guide to the susceptibility of the population?
Comparisons suggest that the major part of the variation in rheumatic fever incidence between populations is due to differences in streptococcal exposure and treatment, rather than to any difference in (genetic) susceptibility.
Soft Tissue Sarcoma and Non‐Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Workers Exposed to Phenoxy Herbicides, Chlorophenols, and Dioxins: Two Nested Case‐Control Studies
Findings indicate that workers exposed to phenoxy herbicides and their contaminants are at a higher risk of soft tissue sarcoma.
Genetically distinct dog-derived and human-derived Sarcoptes scabiei in scabies-endemic communities in northern Australia.
- Shelley F. Walton, J. L. Choy, D. Kemp
- BiologyThe American journal of tropical medicine and…
- 1 October 1999
Multilocus analysis of 712 scabies mites from human and dog hosts in Ohio, Panama and Aboriginal communities in northern Australia now shows that genotypes of dog-derived and human-derived scabies cluster by host species rather than by geographic location.
Appendectomy in Australian twins.
App appendectomy data from the Australian NH&MRC Twin Registry is presented, as the classical twin study allows one to estimate the effects of shared environment and there was no significant evidence for het-erogeneity of causes in the sexes.
Extensions to multivariate normal models for pedigree analysis
A test of the assumption of multivariate normality and methods for the detection of outlying families and outlying individuals are introduced and a method for the estimation of effects of measured genetic markers as variance components is introduced.
Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis is a strong risk factor for chronic kidney disease in later life.
Rigorous strategies to prevent scabies and Group A streptococcal infections will reduce this burden of chronic kidney disease in Australian Aboriginal children living in remote communities.
Understanding influenza transmission, immunity and pandemic threats
- J. Mathews, Joanne M. Chesson, J. McCaw, J. McVernon
- MedicineInfluenza and other respiratory viruses
- 15 June 2009
Abstract The current pandemic threat can be best understood within an ecological framework that takes account of the history of past pandemics caused by influenza A, the relationships between…