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Surface codes: Towards practical large-scale quantum computation
This article provides an introduction to surface code quantum computing. We first estimate the size and speed of a surface code quantum computer. We then introduce the concept of the stabilizer,Expand
Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor
Quantum supremacy is demonstrated using a programmable superconducting processor known as Sycamore, taking approximately 200 seconds to sample one instance of a quantum circuit a million times, which would take a state-of-the-art supercomputer around ten thousand years to compute. Expand
Characterizing quantum supremacy in near-term devices
A critical question for quantum computing in the near future is whether quantum devices without error correction can perform a well-defined computational task beyond the capabilities ofExpand
Quantum ground state and single-phonon control of a mechanical resonator
This work shows that conventional cryogenic refrigeration can be used to cool a mechanical mode to its quantum ground state by using a microwave-frequency mechanical oscillator—a ‘quantum drum’—coupled to a quantum bit, which is used to measure the quantum state of the resonator. Expand
Scalable Quantum Simulation of Molecular Energies
We report the first electronic structure calculation performed on a quantum computer without exponentially costly precompilation. We use a programmable array of superconducting qubits to compute theExpand
Decoherence in Josephson qubits from dielectric loss.
With a redesigned phase qubit employing low-loss dielectrics, the energy relaxation rate has been improved by a factor of 20, opening up the possibility of multiqubit gates and algorithms. Expand
Rabi oscillations in a large Josephson-junction qubit.
A circuit based on a large-area current-biased Josephson junction whose two lowest energy quantum levels are used to implement a solid-state qubit is designed and operated and is the basis of a scalable quantum computer. Expand
State preservation by repetitive error detection in a superconducting quantum circuit
The protection of classical states from environmental bit-flip errors is reported and the suppression of these errors with increasing system size is demonstrated, motivating further research into the many challenges associated with building a large-scale superconducting quantum computer. Expand
Evidence for quantum annealing with more than one hundred qubits
Quantum annealing is expected to solve certain optimization problems more efficiently, but there are still open questions regarding the functioning of devices such as D-Wave One. A numerical andExpand
Superconducting quantum circuits at the surface code threshold for fault tolerance
The results demonstrate that Josephson quantum computing is a high-fidelity technology, with a clear path to scaling up to large-scale, fault-tolerant quantum circuits. Expand