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5-HT2C receptor agonists: pharmacological characteristics and therapeutic potential.
The results suggest that 5-HT2C receptor agonism is associated with therapeutic potential in obsessive compulsive disorder and depression. Expand
Benzodiazepine actions mediated by specific gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) receptor subtypes.
GABA(A) (gamma-aminobutyric acid(A)) receptors are molecular substrates for the regulation of vigilance, anxiety, muscle tension, epileptogenic activity and memory functions, which is evident fromExpand
A synthetic agonist at the orphanin FQ/nociceptin receptor ORL1: anxiolytic profile in the rat.
These data confirm the notable anxiolytic-like effects observed at low doses with the orphanin FQ/nociceptin neuropeptide given locally into the brain and support a role for orphan in F Q/nOCiceptin in adaptive behavioral fear responses to stress. Expand
Orphanin FQ acts as an anxiolytic to attenuate behavioral responses to stress.
It is shown that OFQ plays an important role in higher brain functions because it can act as an anxiolytic to attenuate the behavioral inhibition of animals acutely exposed to stressful/anxiogenic environmental conditions. Expand
Mechanism of action of the hypnotic zolpidem in vivo
It is established that the sedative‐hypnotic and anticonvulsant activities of zolpidem are due to its action on α1‐GABAA receptors and not on α2‐ or α3‐GabAA receptors. Expand
Direct comparison of projections from the central amygdaloid region and nucleus accumbens shell
Certain neurochemical and connectional characteristics common to extended amygdala and the nucleus accumbens shell suggest that the two represent a single functional–anatomical continuum. If this isExpand
Novel anxiolytics that act as partial agonists at benzodiazepine receptors.
Partial agonists for the benzodiazepine modulatory site on the GABAA complex have been developed and their pharmacological profiles can be interpreted to suggest that neurons mediating anticonvulsant and anti-anxiety effects do indeed have a higher receptor reserve than neuronsmediating other unwanted effects. Expand
Antidepressant treatment prevents chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced anhedonia as assessed by ventral tegmentum self-stimulation behavior in rats
The increased threshold for brain self-stimulation produced by a period of chronic unpredictable mild stress can be completely prevented by concomitant antidepressant treatment and may provide an heuristic animal model of depression. Expand
5-HT(6) receptor antagonists: lead optimisation and biological evaluation of N-aryl and N-heteroaryl 4-amino-benzene sulfonamides.
Compounds with a logD profile indicative of brain penetration have been subjected to in vivo testing for reversal of a scopolamine-induced retention deficit in a passive avoidance paradigm and RO-04-6790 (6a) has been identified. Expand
Contribution of the α1-GABAA receptor subtype to the pharmacological actions of benzodiazepine site inverse agonists
The present findings identify the alpha1-GABA(A) receptors as the molecular targets for the allosteric modulation by benzodiazepine site ligands in either direction with regard to the behavioral outputs, sedation/motor stimulation and anticonvulsion/proconvulsion. Expand