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Distribution and determinants of sedentary lifestyles in the European Union.
- J. J. Varo, M. Martínez-González, J. de Irala-Estévez, J. Kearney, M. Gibney, J. Martínez
- MedicineInternational journal of epidemiology
- 1 February 2003
Prevalence of sedentary lifestyle in the EU is high, especially among inhabitants of some Mediterranean countries, obese subjects, less-educated people, and current smokers, whereas the prevalence was higher among older, obese, less educated, widowed/divorced individuals, andCurrent smokers.
Randomized trial of weight-loss-diets for young adults varying in fish and fish oil content
In young, overweight men, the inclusion of either lean or fatty fish, or fish oil as part of an energy-restricted diet resulted in ∼1 kg more weight loss after 4 weeks, than did a similar diet without seafood or supplement of marine origin.
Reshaping faecal gut microbiota composition by the intake of trans-resveratrol and quercetin in high-fat sucrose diet-fed rats.
Prevalence of physical activity during leisure time in the European Union.
- M. Martínez-González, J. J. Varo, J. Martínez
- MedicineMedicine and science in sports and exercise
- 1 July 2001
The prevalence of any physical activity during leisure time in the adult European population was similar to the U.S. estimates, and the amount of activity is low, and a wide disparity between countries exists.
Oxidative stress and inflammation interactions in human obesity
The signaling mediated by the activation of inflammatory markers or nuclear factor kappa β and other transcription factors as central regulators of inflammation are key issues to understanding oxidative stress responses in obesity.
Diets with high or low protein content and glycemic index for weight-loss maintenance.
A modest increase in protein content and a modest reduction in the glycemic index led to an improvement in study completion and maintenance of weight loss in this large European study.
A legume-based hypocaloric diet reduces proinflammatory status and improves metabolic features in overweight/obese subjects
The consumption of legumes within a hypocaloric diet resulted in a specific reduction in proinflammatory markers, such as CRP and C3 and a clinically significant improvement of some metabolic features in overweight/ obese subjects, which were in some cases independent from weight loss.
Dietary inflammatory index and anthropometric measures of obesity in a population sample at high cardiovascular risk from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial.
The hypothesis that diet may have a role in the development of obesity through inflammatory modulation mechanisms is supported, and the DII was associated with higher average BMI, waist circumference and WHtR after adjusting for known risk factors.
Eicosapentaenoic acid actions on adiposity and insulin resistance in control and high-fat-fed rats: role of apoptosis, adiponectin and tumour necrosis factor-alpha.
- P. Pérez-Matute, N. Pérez-Echarri, J. Martínez, A. Martí, M. Moreno-Aliaga
- BiologyThe British journal of nutrition
- 1 February 2007
EPA administration reduced retroperitoneal adipose tissue weight and increased adiponectin plasma levels, which could explain the beneficial effects of EPA on insulin resistance induced by the cafeteria diet.
Variables independently associated with self-reported obesity in the European Union
- J. Martínez, J. Kearney, A. Kafatos, S. Paquet, M. Martínez-González
- MedicinePublic Health Nutrition
- 1 January 1999
It is confirmed that a priority area for health intervention aimed at preventing the development of obesity should be to increase levels of physical activity, although the approach will depend on the population, especially with respect to educational and socioeconomic aspects.