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Distribution and determinants of sedentary lifestyles in the European Union.
TLDR
Prevalence of sedentary lifestyle in the EU is high, especially among inhabitants of some Mediterranean countries, obese subjects, less-educated people, and current smokers, whereas the prevalence was higher among older, obese, less educated, widowed/divorced individuals, andCurrent smokers. Expand
Randomized trial of weight-loss-diets for young adults varying in fish and fish oil content
TLDR
In young, overweight men, the inclusion of either lean or fatty fish, or fish oil as part of an energy-restricted diet resulted in ∼1 kg more weight loss after 4 weeks, than did a similar diet without seafood or supplement of marine origin. Expand
Prevalence of physical activity during leisure time in the European Union.
TLDR
The prevalence of any physical activity during leisure time in the adult European population was similar to the U.S. estimates, and the amount of activity is low, and a wide disparity between countries exists. Expand
A legume-based hypocaloric diet reduces proinflammatory status and improves metabolic features in overweight/obese subjects
TLDR
The consumption of legumes within a hypocaloric diet resulted in a specific reduction in proinflammatory markers, such as CRP and C3 and a clinically significant improvement of some metabolic features in overweight/ obese subjects, which were in some cases independent from weight loss. Expand
Eicosapentaenoic acid actions on adiposity and insulin resistance in control and high-fat-fed rats: role of apoptosis, adiponectin and tumour necrosis factor-alpha.
TLDR
EPA administration reduced retroperitoneal adipose tissue weight and increased adiponectin plasma levels, which could explain the beneficial effects of EPA on insulin resistance induced by the cafeteria diet. Expand
Reshaping faecal gut microbiota composition by the intake of trans-resveratrol and quercetin in high-fat sucrose diet-fed rats.
TLDR
Overall, the administration of quercetin was found to be effective in lessening HFS-diet-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis and improving gut health. Expand
Oxidative stress and inflammation interactions in human obesity
TLDR
The signaling mediated by the activation of inflammatory markers or nuclear factor kappa β and other transcription factors as central regulators of inflammation are key issues to understanding oxidative stress responses in obesity. Expand
Variables independently associated with self-reported obesity in the European Union.
TLDR
This survey confirms that a priority area for health intervention aimed at preventing the development of obesity should be to increase levels of physical activity, although the approach will depend on the population, especially with respect to educational and socioeconomic aspects. Expand
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome: role of different dietary macronutrient distribution patterns and specific nutritional components on weight loss and maintenance.
TLDR
The scientific evidence for the effects of several dietary manipulations and sustainable strategies for weight loss and body weight stability as well as for treating specific features of the metabolic syndrome are reviewed. Expand
Predictors of weight gain in a Mediterranean cohort: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Study 1.
TLDR
In a Mediterranean cohort, particularly in the participants who had already gained weight, an increased consumption of sugar-sweetened soft drinks and of hamburgers, pizza, and sausages was associated with a higher risk of additional subsequent weight gain. Expand
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