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The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC): factor structure, reliability, and validity.
TLDR
The MASC factor structure, which presumably reflects the in the vivo structure of pediatric anxiety symptoms, is invariant across gender and age and shows excellent internal reliability and is a promising self-report scale for assessing anxiety in children and adolescents. Expand
Clinical relevance of the primary findings of the MTA: success rates based on severity of ADHD and ODD symptoms at the end of treatment.
TLDR
These secondary analyses confirm the primary findings and clarify clinical decisions about the choice between multimodal and unimodal treatment with medication. Expand
A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The MTA Cooperative Group. Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD.
TLDR
The authors' carefully crafted medication management was superior to behavioral treatment and to routine community care that included medication for ADHD symptoms, and may have provided modest advantages for non-ADHD symptom and positive functioning outcomes. Expand
Cognitive behavioral therapy, sertraline, or a combination in childhood anxiety.
TLDR
Both cognitive behavioral therapy and sertraline reduced the severity of anxiety in children with anxiety disorders; a combination of the two therapies had a superior response rate. Expand
ADHD comorbidity findings from the MTA study: comparing comorbid subgroups.
TLDR
Three clinical profiles are indicated, ADHD co-occurring with internalizing disorders (principally parent-reported anxiety disorders) absent any concurrent disruptive disorder (ADHD + ANX), ADHD Co-occurred with ODD/CD but no anxiety (AD HD + ODD /CD), and ADHD with both anxiety and O DD/CD may be sufficiently distinct to warrant classification as ADHD subtypes different from "pure" ADHD with neither comorbidity. Expand
Findings from the NIMH Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD (MTA): Implications and Applications for Primary Care Providers
TLDR
Primary analyses revealed that Comb had a significant incremental effect over MedMgt (with a small effect size for this comparison) when categorical indicators of excellent response and when composite outcome measures were used. Expand
Observed Classroom Behavior of Children with ADHD: Relationship to Gender and Comorbidity
TLDR
Elevated rates of ADHD behaviors were also observed in children with comorbid DBD, indicating that these behaviors are truly present and suggesting that reports of higher ADHD ratings in this subgroup are not simply a consequence of negative halo effects and rater biases. Expand
3-year follow-up of the NIMH MTA study.
TLDR
By 36 months, the earlier advantage of having had 14 months of the medication algorithm was no longer apparent, possibly due to age-related decline in ADHD symptoms, changes in medication management intensity, starting or stopping medications altogether, or other factors not yet evaluated. Expand
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