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The 2011 Report on Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D From the Institute of Medicine: What Clinicians Need to Know
ABSTRACT This report summarizes the findings of the 2011 Institute of Medicine Committee on dietary intake requirements for calcium and vitamin D in North America, and provides updated data from theExpand
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C-reactive protein, interleukin 6, and risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.
CONTEXT Inflammation is hypothesized to play a role in development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM); however, clinical data addressing this issue are limited. OBJECTIVE To determine whetherExpand
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The 2011 Report on Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D from the Institute of Medicine: What Clinicians Need to Know
This article summarizes the new 2011 report on dietary requirements for calcium and vitamin D from the Institute of Medicine (IOM). An IOM Committee charged with determining the population needs forExpand
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Effects of conjugated equine estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial.
CONTEXT Despite decades of use and considerable research, the role of estrogen alone in preventing chronic diseases in postmenopausal women remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE To assess the effects onExpand
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Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women.
OBJECTIVE To examine prospectively the relationship between glycemic diets, low fiber intake, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING In 1986, a total ofExpand
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Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women.
CONTEXT Current public health campaigns to reduce obesity and type 2 diabetes have largely focused on increasing exercise, but have paid little attention to the reduction of sedentary behaviors. Expand
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Weight Gain as a Risk Factor for Clinical Diabetes Mellitus in Women
The 1990 guidelines for adult weight published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture [1] recommend higher weights than previous standards. In particular, the guidelines for increased weight (about 7Expand
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Annual deaths attributable to obesity in the United States.
CONTEXT Obesity is a major health problem in the United States, but the number of obesity-attributable deaths has not been rigorously estimated. OBJECTIVE To estimate the number of deaths,Expand
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A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women.
BACKGROUND Little is known about the effects of the amount and type of carbohydrates on risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate theExpand
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Estrogen plus progestin and the risk of coronary heart disease.
BACKGROUND Recent randomized clinical trials have suggested that estrogen plus progestin does not confer cardiac protection and may increase the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). In this report,Expand
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