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The 2011 Report on Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D From the Institute of Medicine: What Clinicians Need to Know
TLDR
Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in North America has been overestimated; the data show that almost all individuals in this population meet their RDA for vitamin D. Expand
C-reactive protein, interleukin 6, and risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.
TLDR
Elevated levels of CRP and IL-6 predict the development of type 2 DM, and data support a possible role for inflammation in diabetogenesis. Expand
The 2011 Report on Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D from the Institute of Medicine: What Clinicians Need to Know
TLDR
The Committee concluded that the prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy in North America has been overestimated and urgent research and clinical priorities were identified, including reassessment of laboratory ranges for 25-hydroxyvitamin D, to avoid problems of both undertreatment and overtreatment. Expand
Effects of conjugated equine estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
The use of conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) increases the risk of stroke, decreases therisk of hip fracture, and does not affect CHD incidence in postmenopausal women with prior hysterectomy over an average of 6.8 years, indicating no overall benefit. Expand
Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women.
TLDR
The hypothesis that diets with a high glycemic load and a low cereal fiber content increase risk of diabetes in women is supported and grains should be consumed in a minimally refined form to reduce the incidence of diabetes. Expand
Television watching and other sedentary behaviors in relation to risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in women.
TLDR
Independent of exercise levels, sedentary behaviors, especially TV watching, were associated with significantly elevated risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes, whereas even light to moderate activity was associated with substantially lower risk. Expand
Annual deaths attributable to obesity in the United States.
TLDR
The estimated number of annual deaths attributable to obesity among US adults is approximately 280000 based onHRs from all subjects and 325000 based on HRs from only nonsmokers and never-smokers. Expand
Estrogen plus progestin and the risk of coronary heart disease.
TLDR
Estrogen plus progestin does not confer cardiac protection and may increase the risk of CHD among generally healthy postmenopausal women, especially during the first year after the initiation of hormone use. Expand
Walking compared with vigorous exercise for the prevention of cardiovascular events in women.
TLDR
It is indicated that both walking and vigorous exercise are associated with substantial reductions in the incidence of cardiovascular events among postmenopausal women, irrespective of race or ethnic group, age, and body-mass index. Expand
A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women.
TLDR
These epidemiologic data suggest that a high dietary glycemic load from refined carbohydrates increases the risk of CHD, independent of known coronary disease risk factors. Expand
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