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  • Influence
Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and
  • Leandra Ziad A Zargar Abdul Niveen M Benjamin Cecilia Robe Abarca-Gómez Abdeen Hamid Abu-Rmeileh Acosta-Cazar, Leandra Abarca-Gómez, +1,022 authors M. Ezzati
  • Medicine
  • The Lancet
  • 16 December 2017
TLDR
Trends in mean BMI have recently flattened in northwestern Europe and the high-income English-speaking and Asia-Pacific regions for both sexes, southwestern Europe for boys, and central and Andean Latin America for girls, and by contrast, the rise in BMI has accelerated in east and south Asia forboth sexes, and southeast Asia for boys. Expand
Dietary sugars and body weight: systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and cohort studies
TLDR
Among free living people involving ad libitum diets, intake of free sugars or sugar sweetened beverages is a determinant of body weight, and the change in body fatness that occurs with modifying intakes seems to be mediated via changes in energy intakes. Expand
Diagnosing insulin resistance in the general population.
TLDR
A weighted combination of two routine laboratory measurements, i.e., fasting insulin and triglycerides, provides a simple means of screening for insulin resistance in the general population. Expand
Evidence-based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus.
TLDR
Evidence-based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitus and their applications in medicine and sport are presented. Expand
Determination of the glycaemic index of foods: interlaboratory study
TLDR
The GI values of foods are more precisely determined using capillary than venous blood sampling, with mean between-laboratory s.d. of centre mean GI values reduced, suggesting ways to reduce within-subject variation of glycaemic responses may be the most effective strategy to improve the precision of measurement. Expand
Comparison of high-fat and high-protein diets with a high-carbohydrate diet in insulin-resistant obese women
TLDR
It is suggested that the popular diets reduced insulin resistance to a greater extent than the standard dietary advice did, and the HF approach appears successful for weight loss in the short term, but lipid levels should be monitored. Expand
Dietary determinants of ischaemic heart disease in health conscious individuals
TLDR
In relatively health conscious individuals the deleterious effects of saturated animal fat and dietary cholesterol appear to be more important in the aetiology of IHD than the protective effect of dietary fibre. Expand
A controlled trial of homocysteine lowering and cognitive performance.
TLDR
The hypothesis that homocysteine lowering with B vitamins improves cognitive performance is not supported, and the results of this trial do not support this hypothesis. Expand
APPLE Project: 2-y findings of a community-based obesity prevention program in primary school age children.
TLDR
A relatively simple approach, providing activity coordinators and basic nutrition education in schools, significantly reduces the rate of excessive weight gain in children, although this may be limited to those not initially overweight. Expand
Mortality in vegetarians and nonvegetarians: detailed findings from a collaborative analysis of 5 prospective studies.
TLDR
Mortality from ischemic heart disease among vegetarians was 24% lower in vegetarians than in nonvegetarians, and was greater at younger ages and was restricted to those who had followed their current diet for >5 y. Expand
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