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Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19·2 million participants
BACKGROUND Underweight and severe and morbid obesity are associated with highly elevated risks of adverse health outcomes. We estimated trends in mean body-mass index (BMI), which characterises itsExpand
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Continuation pharmacotherapy in the prevention of relapse following electroconvulsive therapy: a randomized controlled trial.
CONTEXT Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is highly effective for treatment of major depression, but naturalistic studies show a high rate of relapse after discontinuation of ECT. OBJECTIVE ToExpand
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Prospective study of clinical predictors of suicidal acts after a major depressive episode in patients with major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder.
OBJECTIVE The authors investigated the predictive potential of a stress-diathesis model for suicidal behavior based on correlates of past suicidal acts. In this model, suicidal acts are precipitatedExpand
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Association of a triallelic serotonin transporter gene promoter region (5-HTTLPR) polymorphism with stressful life events and severity of depression.
OBJECTIVE The lower expressing allele of the serotonin transporter gene 5' promoter region (5-HTTLPR) polymorphism is reported to be associated with susceptibility to depression and suicidality inExpand
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Are suicide attempters who self-mutilate a unique population?
OBJECTIVE Individuals who mutilate themselves are at greater risk for suicidal behavior. Clinically, however, there is a perception that the suicide attempts of self-mutilators are motivated by theExpand
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The relationship of childhood abuse to impulsivity and suicidal behavior in adults with major depression.
OBJECTIVE This study investigated whether a higher frequency of reported childhood trauma would be found in depressed adults with higher levels of trait impulsivity, aggression, and suicidalExpand
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Self-mutilation in personality disorders: psychological and biological correlates.
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine whether self-mutilators with personality disorders differ from nonmutilators with personality disorders in impulsivity, aggression, and otherExpand
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Religious affiliation and suicide attempt.
OBJECTIVE Few studies have investigated the association between religion and suicide either in terms of Durkheim's social integration hypothesis or the hypothesis of the regulative benefits ofExpand
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Risk factors for suicide completion in major depression: a case-control study of impulsive and aggressive behaviors in men.
OBJECTIVE Major depression is a major risk factor for suicide. However, not all individuals with major depression commit suicide. Impulsive and aggressive behaviors have been proposed as risk factorsExpand
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Suicidal behavior in bipolar mood disorder: clinical characteristics of attempters and nonattempters.
OBJECTIVE Bipolar Disorder is associated with a higher frequency of attempted suicide than most other psychiatric disorders. The reasons are unknown. This study compared bipolar subjects with aExpand
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