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Yellow band and dark spot syndromes in Caribbean corals: distribution, rate of spread, cytology, and effects on abundance and division rate of zooxanthellae
Yellow band and dark spot syndromes have been frequently observed to affect coral species throughout the Caribbean within the last 10 years. These syndromes significantly impair at least threeExpand
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Relationship of Vibrio Species Infection and Elevated Temperatures to Yellow Blotch/Band Disease in Caribbean Corals
ABSTRACT The bacterial and temperature factors leading to yellow blotch/band disease (YBD), which affects the major reef-building Caribbean corals Montastrea spp., have been investigated. Groups ofExpand
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Identification of bacteria associated with a disease affecting the marine sponge Ianthella basta in New Britain, Papua New Guinea
Ianthella basta marine sponges in Kimbe Bay, west New Britain, Papua New Guinea were affected by a disease, and exhibited high mortality, between 1996 and 2000. These fan-shaped sponges were mottledExpand
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Zooxanthellae regulation in yellow blotch/band and other coral diseases contrasted with temperature related bleaching: In situ destruction vs expulsion
Impairment and breakdown in the symbiotic relationship between the coral host and its zooxanthellae has been documented in the major Caribbean reef building coral, Montastraea spp., when it isExpand
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The Vibrio core group induces yellow band disease in Caribbean and Indo‐Pacific reef‐building corals
Aims:  To determine the relationship between yellow band disease (YBD)‐associated pathogenic bacteria found in both Caribbean and Indo‐Pacific reefs, and the virulence of these pathogens. YBD is oneExpand
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Changes in zooxanthellae density, morphology, and mitotic index in hermatypic corals and anemones exposed to cyanide.
Sodium cyanide (NaCN) is widely used for the capture of reef fish throughout Southeast Asia and causes extensive fish mortality, but the effect of NaCN on reef corals remains debated. To document theExpand
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Rapid spread of diseases in Caribbean coral reefs
The variety and frequency of diseased coral reef organisms has increased across the Caribbean during the last 10 years. Black band, white band, white pox, and white plague diseases have become moreExpand
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Increased Zooxanthellae Numbers and Mitotic Index in Electrically Stimulated Corals
Zooxanthella densities, mitotic indices, and chlorophyll were measured in six major reef-building coral genera growing on electrically stimulated "Biorock" reefs in Indonesia, and compared withExpand
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Incidence of lesions on Fungiidae corals in the eastern Red Sea is related to water temperature and coastal pollution.
As sea surface temperatures rise and the global human population increases, large-scale field observations of marine organism health and water quality are increasingly necessary. We investigated theExpand
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Ulcerated yellow spot syndrome: implications of aquaculture-related pathogens associated with soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi tissue lesions.
We introduce a new marine syndrome called ulcerated yellow spot, affecting the soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi. To identify bacteria associated with tissue lesions, tissue and mucus samples wereExpand
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