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Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non-prey Foods
Glucophagy.- The Functions of Non-Prey Foods in the Diets of Entomophagous Species.- The Sugar Feeders.- Floral Nectar.- Extrafloral Nectar.- Honeydew.- Pollinivory.- The Pollen Feeders.- AdaptationsExpand
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  • Open Access
Nutritional aspects of non-prey foods in the life histories of predaceous Coccinellidae
Non-prey foods are an integral component of the diets of most predaceous coccinellids. Under field conditions, numerous coccinellids consume nectar, honeydew, pollen, fruit, vegetation, and fungus.Expand
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  • Open Access
Bt Crop Effects on Functional Guilds of Non-Target Arthropods: A Meta-Analysis
Background Uncertainty persists over the environmental effects of genetically-engineered crops that produce the insecticidal Cry proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). We performed meta-analyses onExpand
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Inbreeding Depression Is Purged in the Invasive Insect Harmonia axyridis
Bottlenecks in population size reduce genetic diversity and increase inbreeding, which can lead to inbreeding depression. It is thus puzzling how introduced species, which typically pass throughExpand
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Seeds of Change: Corn Seed Mixtures for Resistance Management and Integrated Pest Management
ABSTRACT The use of mixtures of transgenic insecticidal seed and nontransgenic seed to provide an in-field refuge for susceptible insects in insect-resistance-management (IRM) plans has beenExpand
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Sex ratios of commercially reared biological control agents
Abstract We purchased samples of 27 parasitoids, six coccinellid beetles, and the predatory midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) from commercial insectaries and scored the sex ratios from groups ofExpand
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  • Open Access
Characterization of resistance to Aphis glycines in soybean accessions
The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, is a pest of soybean [Glycine max L. (Merrill)] in Asia, and its recent establishment in North America has led to large, recurring outbreaks that haveExpand
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Effects of neonicitinoid seed treatments on soybean aphid and its natural enemies
Insecticidal seed treatments are increasingly being applied to soybeans in North America, and several recent studies question what they add to current pest management. Here, we examine the effects ofExpand
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  • Open Access
Extrapolating non-target risk of Bt crops from laboratory to field
The tiered approach to assessing ecological risk of insect-resistant transgenic crops assumes that lower tier laboratory studies, which expose surrogate non-target organisms to high doses ofExpand
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  • Open Access
Non-target effects of clothianidin on monarch butterflies
Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) frequently consume milkweed in and near agroecosystems and consequently may be exposed to pesticides like neonicotinoids. We conducted a dose response study toExpand
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