Does Head Start Improve Children's Life Chances? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design
This paper exploits a new source of variation in Head Start funding to identify the program's effects on health and schooling. In 1965 the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) provided technical…
Investing in Our Future: The Evidence Base on Preschool Education
Human Decisions and Machine Predictions
- J. Kleinberg, Himabindu Lakkaraju, J. Leskovec, J. Ludwig, S. Mullainathan
- LawQuarterly Journal of Economics
- 1 February 2017
While machine learning can be valuable, realizing this value requires integrating these tools into an economic framework: being clear about the link between predictions and decisions; specifying the scope of payoff functions; and constructing unbiased decision counterfactuals.
Neighborhood Effects on the Long-Term Well-Being of Low-Income Adults
Using data from Moving to Opportunity, a unique randomized housing mobility experiment, it is found that moving from a high-poverty to lower-p poverty neighborhood leads to long-term improvements in adult physical and mental health and subjective well-being, despite not affecting economic self-sufficiency.
Neighborhood Effects on Crime for Female and Male Youth: Evidence from a Randomized Housing Voucher Experiment
The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) demonstration assigned housing vouchers via random lottery to public housing residents in five cities. We use the exogenous variation in residential locations…
Long-Term Neighborhood Effects on Low-Income Families: Evidence from Moving to Opportunity
We examine long-term neighborhood effects on low-income families using data from the Moving to Opportunity (MTO) randomized housing-mobility experiment, which offered some public-housing families but…
Neighborhoods, obesity, and diabetes--a randomized social experiment.
The opportunity to move from a neighborhood with a highlevel of poverty to one with a lower level of poverty was associated with modest but potentially important reductions in the prevalence of extreme obesity and diabetes.
The Effects of Housing Assistance on Labor Supply: Evidence from a Voucher Lottery
This study estimates the effects of means-tested housing programs on labor supply using data from a randomized housing voucher wait-list lottery in Chicago. Evidence for the net effects of housing…
Prediction Policy Problems.
- J. Kleinberg, J. Ludwig, S. Mullainathan, Z. Obermeyer
- PsychologyThe American Economic Review
- 1 May 2015
This work argues an important class of policy problems does not require causal inference but instead requires predictive inference, and that new developments in the field of "machine learning" are particularly useful for addressing these prediction problems.
Broken Windows: New Evidence from New York City and a Five-City Social Experiment
In 1982, James Q. Wilson and George Kelling suggested in an influential article in the Atlantic Monthly that targeting minor disorder could help reduce more serious crime. More than 20 years later,…