• Publications
  • Influence
School's out... forever: A study of juvenile crime, at-risk youths and teacher strikes
Abstract The goal of this paper is to better understand the implications of forcing children to be in school, in terms of juvenile criminal activity. By combining a unique measure of unexpectedExpand
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A Method for Analyzing Changing Prison Populations
Background: For the past several decades, the U.S. prison system has witnessed a steady and persistent increase in the ages of prison populations. Given the additional costs and burdens placed onExpand
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A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of the Impact of Public Assistance on Prisoner Recidivism
AbstractIntroduction The Welfare Act of 1996 banned welfare and food stamp eligibility for felony drug offenders and gave states the ability to modify their use of the law. Today, many states areExpand
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Supervision Violations: Patterns and Outcomes
This study describes violating behavior and sanctioning responses in the postincarceration period. We describe patterns of noncompliance during supervised release—a subject known little about—andExpand
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On the Prevalence of Veteran Deaths in State Prisons
This article presents the first look at the prevalence of veteran deaths in state prisons using data from the National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP). We find that overall veterans are notExpand
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The Growth of Older Inmate Populations: How Population Aging Explains Rising Age at Admission
Objectives Older inmates are the fastest growing segment of the prison population; however, the reasons for this are not well understood. One explanation is that the general population is aging,Expand
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Following Incarceration, Most Released Offenders Never Return to Prison
Recent studies suggest that 50% of offenders released from state prisons return to prison within 3 to 5 years. In contrast, this article shows that roughly two of every three offenders who enter andExpand
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The Predictive Validity of the Post-Conviction Risk Assessment Among Federal Offenders
In the U.S. federal court system, the Probation and Pretrial Services Office (PPSO) uses a tool known as the Post-Conviction Risk Assessment (PCRA) to assess offender risk and identify challengesExpand
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Incidence and Cumulative Incidence as Supplemental Measures of the Scale of Imprisonment
Prison growth has primarily been measured as a prevalence over time. We propose cohort-specific supplemental measures: incidence based on the age of first adult admission into prison, and cumulativeExpand
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Understanding education : three essays analyzing unintended outcomes of school policies
The goal of my study is to examine specific school policies to determine if unintentional consequences result from these policies. Specifically, I focus on two main issues as they relate to studentExpand