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The Brassica oleracea genome reveals the asymmetrical evolution of polyploid genomes
A draft genome sequence of Brassica oleracea is described, comparing it with that of its sister species B. rapa to reveal numerous chromosome rearrangements and asymmetrical gene loss in duplicated genomic blocks. Expand
The complete genomes and proteomes of 27 Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophages.
Comparative nucleotide and protein sequence analysis indicates that these phages are a remarkable source of untapped genetic diversity, encoding 2,170 predicted protein-encoding ORFs, of which 1,402 cannot be annotated for structure or function. Expand
Resolving the distinct stages in erythroid differentiation based on dynamic changes in membrane protein expression during erythropoiesis
It is found that the accumulation of all of the major transmembrane and all skeletal proteins of the mature red blood cell, except actin, accrued progressively during terminal erythroid differentiation, and accumulation of various adhesion molecules decreased. Expand
Comparative Genomic Analysis of 18 Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bacteriophages
ABSTRACT A genomic analysis of 18 P. aeruginosa phages, including nine newly sequenced DNA genomes, indicates a tremendous reservoir of proteome diversity, with 55% of open reading frames (ORFs)Expand
Calpain in the CNS: From Synaptic Function to Neurotoxicity
Calpains constitute a class of cellular cysteine proteases that require calcium and are functionally active at neutral pH, and may provide useful biomarkers for the presence of neurodegenerative processes or neuronal injury. Expand
Genetic architecture of a morphological shape difference between two Drosophila species.
The size and shape of the posterior lobe of the male genital arch differs dramatically between Drosophila simulans and D. mauritiana, and the genetic basis of the interspecific difference in PC1 was investigated by the application of quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping procedures to segregating backcross populations. Expand
Pod shattering resistance associated with domestication is mediated by a NAC gene in soybean.
It is shown that the key cellular feature of the shattering-resistant trait lies in the excessively lignified fibre cap cells (FCC) with the abscission layer unchanged in the pod ventral suture, and that strong artificial selection of SHAT1-5 has caused a severe selective sweep across ~ 116 kb on chromosome 16. Expand
Towards a standardization of biomethane potential tests.
Recommendations on items that strongly influence the outcome of BMP tests such as inoculum characteristics, substrate preparation, test setup, and data analysis are presented to increase the probability of obtaining validated and reproducible results. Expand
Isolation and functional characterization of human erythroblasts at distinct stages: implications for understanding of normal and disordered erythropoiesis in vivo.
By examining the dynamic changes of expression of membrane proteins during in vitro human terminal erythroid differentiation, band 3 and α4 integrin are identified as optimal surface markers for isolating 5 morphologically distinct populations at successive developmental stages and should facilitate a comprehensive cellular and molecular characterization of each specific developmental stage of human erythroblasts. Expand
Microbial BOD sensors for wastewater analysis.
BOD sensors constructed on the biofilm configuration are discussed regarding performance characteristics like linearity, response time, precision, agreement between BOD values obtained from the biosensors and the conventional 5-days test, as well as toxic resistance to various compounds and operational stability. Expand