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Effects of Prefrontal Cortical Inactivation on Neural Activity in the Ventral Tegmental Area
Dopamine (DA) cells have been suggested to signal discrepancies between expected and actual rewards in reinforcement learning. DA cells in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) receive direct projectionsExpand
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Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and mortality of HIV, 1980–2017, and forecasts to 2030, for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of
Summary Background Understanding the patterns of HIV/AIDS epidemics is crucial to tracking and monitoring the progress of prevention and control efforts in countries. We provide a comprehensiveExpand
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Female athletes: a population at risk of vitamin and mineral deficiencies affecting health and performance.
Adequate vitamin and mineral status is essential for optimal human health and performance. Female athletes could be at risk for vitamin and mineral insufficiency due to inadequate dietary intake,Expand
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Association of Changes in Abdominal Fat Quantity and Quality With Incident Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors.
BACKGROUND Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) are associated with adverse cardiometabolic risk profiles. OBJECTIVES This study explored the degree to which changesExpand
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COMPARISON OF COLOR FUNDUS PHOTOGRAPHS AND FUNDUS AUTOFLUORESCENCE IMAGES IN MEASURING GEOGRAPHIC ATROPHY AREA
Purpose: To assess the agreement between color fundus photographs (CFP) and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) images when measuring geographic atrophy (GA) area and reproducibility of measurementsExpand
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Novel Body Shape Descriptors for Abdominal Adiposity Prediction Using Magnetic Resonance Images and Stereovision Body Images
The purpose of this study was to design novel shape descriptors based on three‐dimensional (3D) body images and to use these parameters to establish prediction models for abdominal adiposity.
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Global perspectives on trace element requirements.
Trace elements are inorganic constituents of the human body present in concentrations less than 50mg/kg body weight. An exception is iron that is found in slightly higher amounts, 60 mg/kg bodyExpand
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USE OF FUNDUS AUTOFLUORESCENCE IMAGES TO PREDICT GEOGRAPHIC ATROPHY PROGRESSION
Purpose: Fundus autofluorescence imaging has been shown to be helpful in predicting progression of geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration. We assess the ability ofExpand
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Adipose Tissue Depots and Their Cross‐Sectional Associations With Circulating Biomarkers of Metabolic Regulation
Background Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and fatty liver differ in their associations with cardiovascular risk compared with subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). Several biomarkers have been linked toExpand
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Visceral and Intrahepatic Fat Are Associated with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Above Other Ectopic Fat Depots: The Framingham Heart Study.
BACKGROUND We examined the associations among 8 different fat depots accumulated in various anatomic regions and the relationship between these fat depots and multiple cardiometabolic risk factors.Expand
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