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The biology of myco‐heterotrophic (‘saprophytic’) plants
SUMMARY More than 400 species of vascular plants, in 87 genera, are acholophyllous and heterotrophic, but not directly parasitic upon autotrophs. They are usually, but incorrectly, described asExpand
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Networks of power and influence: the role of mycorrhizal mycelium in controlling plant communities and agroecosystem functioning
Extraradical mycelia of mycorrhizal fungi are normally the �hidden half� of the symbiosis, but they are powerful underground influences upon biogeochemical cycling, the composition of plantExpand
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Mapping an urban ecosystem service: quantifying above‐ground carbon storage at a city‐wide scale
Summary 1. Despite urbanization being a major driver of land-use change globally, there have been few attempts to quantify and map ecosystem service provision at a city-wide scale. One service thatExpand
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Mycorrhizal fungi as drivers of ecosystem processes in heathland and boreal forest biomes
The importance of mycorrhizas in heathland and boreal forest biomes, which together cover much of the landmass of the Northern Hemisphere and store most of the global stocks of carbon, is reviewed.Expand
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Epiparasitic plants specialized on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
Over 400 non-photosynthetic species from 10 families of vascular plants obtain their carbon from fungi and are thus defined as myco-heterotrophs. Many of these plants are epiparasitic on green plantsExpand
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Mutualistic mycorrhiza in orchids: evidence from plant-fungus carbon and nitrogen transfers in the green-leaved terrestrial orchid Goodyera repens.
The roles of mycorrhiza in facilitating the acquisition and transfer of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to adult orchids are poorly understood. Here, we employed isotopically labelled sources of C and NExpand
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Mycorrhizal Specificity and Function in Myco-heterotrophic Plants
We present an analysis of fungal specificity in myco-heterotrophic orchids and monotropes. We argue that specificity represents a continuum and can only be properly assessed using phylogenetic data.Expand
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Bryophyte physiological responses to, and recovery from, long-term nitrogen deposition and phosphorus fertilisation in acidic grassland.
Atmospheric nitrogen deposition can cause major declines in bryophyte abundance yet the physiological basis for such declines is not fully understood. Bryophyte physiological responses may also beExpand
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Impacts of atmospheric nitrogen deposition: responses of multiple plant and soil parameters across contrasting ecosystems in long‐term field experiments
Atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition is a global and increasing threat to biodiversity and ecosystem function. Much of our current understanding of N deposition impacts comes from field manipulationExpand
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Base cation depletion, eutrophication and acidification of species-rich grasslands in response to long-term simulated nitrogen deposition.
Pollutant nitrogen deposition effects on soil and foliar element concentrations were investigated in acidic and limestone grasslands, located in one of the most nitrogen and acid rain pollutedExpand
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