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EFFECTS OF BIODIVERSITY ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING: A CONSENSUS OF CURRENT KNOWLEDGE
TLDR
Understanding this complexity, while taking strong steps to minimize current losses of species, is necessary for responsible management of Earth's ecosystems and the diverse biota they contain. Expand
Organisms as ecosystem engineers
TLDR
The role that many organisms play in the creation, modification and maintenance of habitats does not involve direct trophic interactions between species, but they are nevertheless important and common. Expand
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF ORGANISMS AS PHYSICAL ECOSYSTEM ENGINEERS
TLDR
It is argued that engineering has both negative and positive effects on species richness and abundances at small scales, but the net effects are probably positive at larger scales encompassing engineered and nonengineered environments in ecological and evolutionary space and time. Expand
Conservation Biology
New Zealand Journal of Ecology (1997) 21(2): 117-120 ©New Zealand Ecological Society the heat of the battle tends to obscure, rather than to illuminate. What do we wish to conserve, and why? A simpleExpand
Biodiversity inventories, indicator taxa and effects of habitat modification in tropical forest
TLDR
A gradient from near-primary, through old-growth secondary and plantation forests to complete clearance, for eight animal groups in the Mbalmayo Forest Reserve, south-central Cameroon is examined, indicating the huge scale of the biological effort required to provide inventories of tropical diversity, and to measure the impacts of tropical forest modification and clearance. Expand
Making mistakes when predicting shifts in species range in response to global warming
TLDR
It is shown that dispersal and interactions, which are important elements of population dynamics, must be included in predictions of biotic responses to climate change. Expand
Are there general laws in ecology
TLDR
It is argued that ecology has numerous laws in this sense of the word, in the form of widespread, repeatable patterns in nature, but hardly any laws that are universally true. Expand
Species interactions, local and regional processes, and limits to the richness of ecological communities : a theoretical perspective
TLDR
If theory says that species interactions are a necessary but not sufficient condition for local saturation in ecological time, then the principal direction of control for species richness is from regional to local, which suggests that the key to community structure may lie in extrinsic biogeography rather than in intrinsic local processes. Expand
Rare species, the coincidence of diversity hotspots and conservation strategies
SPECIES conservation in situ requires networks of protected areas selected for high conservation interest1–3. Throughout most of the world, however, there are neither the resources nor the time toExpand
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