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Maxims or myths of beauty? A meta-analytic and theoretical review.
- J. Langlois, L. Kalakanis, A. Rubenstein, A. Larson, M. Hallam, M. Smoot
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
- 1 May 2000
Eleven meta-analyses evaluate social and fitness-related evolutionary theories and the veracity of maxims about beauty to demonstrate that raters agree about who is and is not attractive, both within and across cultures.
Attractive Faces Are Only Average
Scientists and philosophers have searched for centuries for a parsimonious answer to the question of what constitutes beauty. We approached this problem from both an evolutionary and…
Infant preferences for attractive faces: Rudiments of a stereotype?
Deux experiences etudient aupres d'enfants âges de 2 a 3 mois et de 6 a 8 mois les preferences envers des visages de femmes dont le caractere attractif a ete evalue par des adultes
Sexual Selection, Physical Attractiveness, and Facial Neoteny: Cross-cultural Evidence and Implications [and Comments and Reply]
L'attirance physique et sa relation a la theorie de la selection sexuelle meritent une attention renouvelee de la part des anthropologues culturels et biologiques. L'A. s'interesse a une anomalie…
Stereotype Directionality and Attractiveness Stereotyping: Is Beauty Good or is Ugly Bad?
Two studies investigated the direction of attractiveness stereotyping by comparing judgments of positive and negative attributes for medium vs. high attractive faces and suggest that most often, unattractiveness is a disadvantage, consistent with negativity bias but contrary to the "beauty-is-good" aphorism.
Mothers, fathers, and peers as socialization agents of sex-typed play behaviors in young children.
LANGLOIS, JUDITH H., and DowNs, A. CHRIS. Mothers, Fathers, and Peers as Socialization Agents of Sex-typed Play Behaviors in Young Children. CrHiL DEVELOPMENT, 1980, 51, 1237-1247. Differential…
What Is Average and What Is Not Average About Attractive Faces?
We reported in this journal (Langlois & Roggman, 1990) findings showing that attractive faces are those that represent the mathematical average of faces in a population These findings were intriguing…
Infant preferences for attractive faces: a cognitive explanation.
Four studies assessed a cognitive explanation for the development of attractiveness preferences: cognitive averaging and infant preferences for mathematically averaged faces, or prototypes, and suggest that infants' preferences for attractive faces can be explained by general information-processing mechanisms.
Infant Attractiveness Predicts Maternal Behaviors and Attitudes
The relations between infant attractiveness and maternal behavior were examined by observing mothers feeding and playing with their firstborn infants while they were still in the hospital after…