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Revised systematics of Palaeozoic ‘horseshoe crabs’ and the myth of monophyletic Xiphosura
The monophyly of the class Xiphosura is critically re-examined. For the first time a phylogenetic analysis of a number of synziphosurine and xiphosurid taxa is performed together with representativesExpand
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Horseshoe crab phylogeny and independent colonizations of fresh water: ecological invasion as a driver for morphological innovation
Xiphosurids are an archaic group of aquatic chelicerate arthropods, generally known by the colloquial misnomer of ‘horseshoe crabs’. Known from marine environments as far back as the earlyExpand
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Implied weighting and its utility in palaeontological datasets: a study using modelled phylogenetic matrices
Implied weighting, a method for phylogenetic inference that actively seeks to downweight supposed homoplasy, has in recent years begun to be widely utilized in palaeontological datasets. Given theExpand
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Cope's Rule and Romer's theory: patterns of diversity and gigantism in eurypterids and Palaeozoic vertebrates
Gigantism is widespread among Palaeozoic arthropods, yet causal mechanisms, particularly the role of (abiotic) environmental factors versus (biotic) competition, remain unknown. The eurypteridsExpand
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The ‘Tully monster’ is a vertebrate
Problematic fossils, extinct taxa of enigmatic morphology that cannot be assigned to a known major group, were once a major issue in palaeontology. A long-favoured solution to the ‘problem of theExpand
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Segmentation and tagmosis in Chelicerata.
Patterns of segmentation and tagmosis are reviewed for Chelicerata. Depending on the outgroup, chelicerate origins are either among taxa with an anterior tagma of six somites, or taxa in which theExpand
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Babes in the wood – a unique window into sea scorpion ontogeny
BackgroundFew studies on eurypterids have taken into account morphological changes that occur throughout postembryonic development. Here two species of eurypterid are described from the PragianExpand
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Tachypleus syriacus (Woodward)—a sexually dimorphic Cretaceous crown limulid reveals underestimated horseshoe crab divergence times
The fossil record represents an important test to molecular divergence estimates, with known occurrences representing minimum divergence times for sister taxa. As such, accurately placing fossils inExpand
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The oldest described eurypterid: a giant Middle Ordovician (Darriwilian) megalograptid from the Winneshiek Lagerstätte of Iowa
BackgroundEurypterids are a diverse group of chelicerates known from ~250 species with a sparse Ordovician record currently comprising 11 species; the oldest fully documented example is from theExpand
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The systematics and phylogeny of the Stylonurina (Arthropoda: Chelicerata: Eurypterida)
The first well-resolved phylogeny of stylonurine eurypterids (30 taxa, 58 characters) is presented, prompting a taxonomic revision at the familial and superfamilial levels. The monophyletic suborderExpand
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