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Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli.
Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) possesses virulence traits that allow it to invade, colonize, and induce disease in bodily sites outside of the gastrointestinal tract. HumanExpand
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Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.
In the United States, it is estimated that non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause more illnesses than STEC O157:H7, and the majority of cases of non-O157 STEC infections are dueExpand
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The Contribution of Cytolethal Distending Toxin to Bacterial Pathogenesis
Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) is a bacterial toxin that initiates a eukaryotic cell cycle block at the G2 stage prior to mitosis. CDT is produced by a number of bacterial pathogens including:Expand
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The role of gastric acid in preventing foodborne disease and how bacteria overcome acid conditions.
  • J. L. Smith
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of food protection
  • 1 July 2003
The secretion of hydrochloric acid by the stomach plays an important role in protecting the body against pathogens ingested with food or water. A gastric fluid pH of 1 to 2 is deleterious to manyExpand
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Quorum Sensing in Biofilms : Why Bacteria Behave theWay They Do
The Institute of Food Technologists has issued this Scientific Status Summary to provide readers with a tutorial on biofilms, their purposeful mechanism of interaction (quorum sensing), and recentExpand
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The Physiological Role of Ferritin-Like Compounds in Bacteria
  • J. L. Smith
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Critical reviews in microbiology
  • 1 January 2004
Iron, as the ferrous or ferric ion, is essential for the life processes of all eukaryotes and most prokaryotes; however, the element is toxic when in excess of that needed for cellular homeostasis.Expand
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Quorum sensing: a primer for food microbiologists.
Quorum sensing is a signaling mechanism through which bacteria modulate a number of cellular functions (genes), including sporulation, biofilm formation, bacteriocin production, virulence responses,Expand
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Effect of Food Environment on Staphylococcal Enterotoxin Synthesis: A Review.
Effects of various nutritional and environmental factors on growth and enterotoxin synthesis by Staphylococcus aureus in model systems and foods are reviewed. Factors discussed include effects ofExpand
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A review of hepatitis E virus.
  • J. L. Smith
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of food protection
  • 1 April 2001
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of outbreaks and sporadic cases of viral hepatitis in tropical and subtropical countries but is infrequent in industrialized countries. The virus isExpand
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Evaluation of Rapid Tests for Monitoring Alterations in Meat Quality During Storage.
Seven rapid analytical tests (color value, thiobarbituric acid number, extract release volume, pH, "tyrosine" value, pHt, and redox potential) were evaluated as possible indicators of bacterialExpand
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