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Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
It is concluded that global resources to counter disease emergence are poorly allocated, with the majority of the scientific and surveillance effort focused on countries from where the next important EID is least likely to originate.
The delayed rise of present-day mammals
The results show that the phylogenetic ‘fuses’ leading to the explosion of extant placental orders are not only very much longer than suspected previously, but also challenge the hypothesis that the end-Cretaceous mass extinction event had a major, direct influence on the diversification of today’s mammals.
PanTHERIA: a species‐level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals
Analyses of life-history, ecological, and geographic trait differences among species, their causes, correlates, and likely consequences are increasingly important for understanding and conserving…
Predicting extinction risk in declining species
- A. Purvis, J. L. Gittleman, G. Cowlishaw, G. Mace
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the Royal Society of London…
- 7 October 2000
Using complete phylogenies of contemporary carnivores and primates, the first comparative test is presented showing that high trophic level, low population density, slow life history and small geographical range size are all significantly and independently associated with a high extinction risk in declining species.
The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection
The biodiversity of eukaryote species and their extinction rates, distributions, and protection is reviewed, and what the future rates of species extinction will be, how well protected areas will slow extinction Rates, and how the remaining gaps in knowledge might be filled are reviewed.
EARLY BURSTS OF BODY SIZE AND SHAPE EVOLUTION ARE RARE IN COMPARATIVE DATA
It is suggested that the classical model of adaptive radiation, where morphological evolution is initially rapid and slows through time, may be rare in comparative data.
Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia)
- O. Bininda-Emonds, J. L. Gittleman, A. Purvis
- Biology, Environmental ScienceBiological Reviews of The Cambridge Philosophical…
- 1 May 1999
A complete phylogeny for all 271 extant species of the Garnivora is derived, providing a ‘consensus’ estimate of carnivore phylogeny and showing that some lineages within the Mustelinae and Canidae contain significantly more species than expected for their age, illustrating the tree's utility for studies of macroevolution.
The Future of Biodiversity
Estimates of future extinctions are hampered by the authors' limited knowledge of which areas are rich in endemics, and regions rich in species found only within them (endemics) dominate the global patterns of extinction.
Nonrandom extinction and the loss of evolutionary history.
It is estimated that the prospective extra loss of mammalian evolutionary history alone would be equivalent to losing a monotypic phylum, and the potentially severe implications of the clumped nature of threat for the loss of biodiversity are shown.
Adaptation: Statistics and a Null Model for Estimating Phylogenetic Effects
Statistics and a null model for estimating phylogenetic effects in comparative data are proposed and a model-independent measure of autocorrelation (Moran's I) is applied for estimating whether cross-taxonomic trait variation is related to phylogeny.