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Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?
Although the research has not clearly established causation, it is persuaded that high self-esteem does lead to greater Happiness and recommends using praise to boost self- esteem as a reward for socially desirable behavior and self-improvement.
The bystander-effect: a meta-analytic review on bystander intervention in dangerous and non-dangerous emergencies.
This meta-analysis integrates the bystander literature from the 1960s to 2010, provides statistical tests of potential moderators, and presents new theoretical and empirical perspectives on the novel finding of non-negative bystander effects in certain dangerous emergencies as well as situations where bystanders are a source of physical support for the potentially intervening individual.
Social Projection to Ingroups and Outgroups: A Review and Meta-Analysis
Findings support the view that projection can serve as an egocentric heuristic for inductive reasoning and contribute to ingroup-favoritism, perceptions of ingroup homogeneity, and cooperation with ingroup members.
Unskilled, unaware, or both? The better-than-average heuristic and statistical regression predict errors in estimates of own performance.
High rather than low performers were more error prone in that they were more likely to neglect their own estimates of the performance of others when predicting how they themselves performed relative to the group.
From social projection to social behaviour
Social projection is a judgemental heuristic that allows people to make quick and reasonably accurate predictions about others. The first part of this paper presents a review of the status of
Personal beliefs and cultural stereotypes about racial characteristics.
Social stereotypes may be expressed as personal beliefs about the characteristics of a group or as beliefs about the predominant cultural view of a group. In a study with a full intergroup design.
Developmental Expectations for the Self and Most Other People: Age Grading in Three Functions of Social Comparison
This study focused on beliefs about one's own compared with other people's development in adulthood. Young, middle-aged, and old adults rated person-descriptive attributes with respect to
Enhancement Bias in Descriptions of Self and Others
Self-enhancement bias is the tendency to describe oneself more positively than a normative criterion would predict. This article reviews the common-rater and common-target paradigms for the
Social categorization moderates social projection.
When categorized into social groups, people view members of in-groups, but not members of out-groups, as being similar to themselves. In three experiments, social categorization moderated the spread