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Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?
Self-esteem has become a household word. Teachers, parents, therapists, and others have focused efforts on boosting self-esteem, on the assumption that high self-esteem will cause many positiveExpand
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The bystander-effect: a meta-analytic review on bystander intervention in dangerous and non-dangerous emergencies.
Research on bystander intervention has produced a great number of studies showing that the presence of other people in a critical situation reduces the likelihood that an individual will help. As theExpand
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Social Projection to Ingroups and Outgroups: A Review and Meta-Analysis
Social projection is the tendency to expect similarities between oneself and others. A review of the literature and a meta-analhsis reveal that projection is stronger when people make judgments aboutExpand
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Unskilled, unaware, or both? The better-than-average heuristic and statistical regression predict errors in estimates of own performance.
  • J. Krueger, R. Mueller
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 February 2002
People who score low on a performance test overestimate their own performance relative to others, whereas high scorers slightly underestimate their own performance. J. Kruger and D. Dunning (1999)Expand
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The truly false consensus effect: an ineradicable and egocentric bias in social perception.
Consensus bias is the overuse of self-related knowledge in estimating the prevalence of attributes in a population. The bias seems statistically appropriate (Dawes, 1989), but according to theExpand
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Personal beliefs and cultural stereotypes about racial characteristics.
Social stereotypes may be expressed as personal beliefs about the characteristics of a group or as beliefs about the predominant cultural view of a group. In a study with a full intergroup design.Expand
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From social projection to social behaviour
Social projection is a judgemental heuristic that allows people to make quick and reasonably accurate predictions about others. The first part of this paper presents a review of the status ofExpand
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On the Perception of Social Consensus
Publisher Summary Humans, as social creatures continually perceive others and predict what others think, feel, and, most importantly, what they will do. Various branches of social psychology haveExpand
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Enhancement Bias in Descriptions of Self and Others
Self-enhancement bias is the tendency to describe oneself more positively than a normative criterion would predict. This article reviews the common-rater and common-target paradigms for theExpand
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Social categorization moderates social projection.
When categorized into social groups, people view members of in-groups, but not members of out-groups, as being similar to themselves. In three experiments, social categorization moderated the spreadExpand
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